PKP Oleśnica. 2022.

Oleśnica 2022-03-21

Railway station in Oleśnica.

Geographic coordinates: 51.201N 17.386E.

The railway station in Oleśnica, in the Dolnośląskie Voivodeship, is located 32 km from Wrocław. According to the PKP classification, the station is classified as a regional station. The geographic coordinates of the station are 51 ° 12′03 ″ N 17 ° 23′09 ″ E. In 2019, the Oleśnica station served up to 2,000 passengers per day, and in 2022, it served up to 2,500 people per day. The station is on Kolejowa Street.

PKP Oleśnica. 2022. The work by Karol Placha Hetman
PKP Oleśnica. 2022. The work by Karol Placha Hetman

There is also the Oleśnica Rataje railway stop in Oleśnica, located north-west of the city center.

The Oleśnica railway station was launched on May 28, 1868, on the section from Wrocław. The station was built according to the scheme of Prussian railways, i.e. the station was placed in the intertrack. Currently, the southern part of the station is a passenger station, and the northern part is a goods station.

The station building is a large, extended building. The building has a "G" shape. The front of the station is on the west side, facing Kolejowa Street square. On the south side there is Platform 1 with a roof adjacent to the building. Inside the station there is a ticket office, waiting room, toilets, rooms of the railway and security services. Currently (2022), the building is waiting for a general renovation. Initially, the building had the shape of the letter "L" and was very impressive. Each facade was representative. There were palace windows on the ground floor. The station is three-story, with a basement, with a total area of ​​1,300 m2. In German times, in the 19th century, the building was repeatedly recognized as the most beautiful railway station in Lower Silesia.

PKP Oleśnica. 2022. Satellite image
PKP Oleśnica. 2022. Satellite image

PKP Oleśnica. year 2005. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
PKP Oleśnica. year 2005. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Platforms at Oleśnica station.

Platform 1 is next to the station building. The platform is 90 m long. The surface is asphalt.

Platforms 2, 3 and 4 are island platforms. Each platform is 270 m long. Each is covered and the roof is 105 m long. The surface of the platforms is varied; concrete, paving tiles, asphalt. Access to the platforms is provided by a passenger tunnel that leads to Przemysłowa Street, which is outside the station. There is also a freight tunnel at the station that is not used and closed.

In this part of Oleśnica station, the railway tracks are electrified. The electrification of the Oleśnica station began in 1972.

Currently (2022), approximately 2,500 passengers a day use the Oleśnica railway station. Passenger traffic at the Oleśnica station is provided by PolRegio and Koleje Dolnośląskie carriers. Passengers mainly travel to Wrocław. From Oleśnica, you can directly reach the following cities: Wrocław, Milicz, Jelcz Laskowice, Namysłów, Ostrów Wielkopolski, Lubliniec, Krotoszyn, Kluczbork, Częstochowa. About 40 passenger trains depart from the station daily. A ticket from Oleśnica to Wrocław costs PLN 11.90, and the journey time is about 40 minutes.

Freight station.

The goods station is located on the northern side of the station. There are 18 tracks and many turnouts. The first 7 tracks are electrified. There is a 100-meter-long footbridge over the track. The footbridge leads from the railway square to Moniuszki Street.

In the western part of the station, there are cargo ramps and storage buildings.

There is a former depot in the northern part of the station. There was a coal yard, a wagon turntable and a shed on its premises. The ZNTK Oleśnica halls stand nearby. There are also factory halls occupied by the OLKOL company. The plant specializes in welding, repair and maintenance of finished metal products. The company deals with the renovation and modernization of electric locomotives. Address: Moniuszki 20, Oleśnica. The OLKOL company continues the traditions of ZNTK Oleśnica.

ZNTK Oleśnica.

Zakłady Repair Rolling Stock is a company with over a hundred years of tradition. The plants have been operating since October 1, 1913. The plant as the Main Railway Workshop (Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk Öls) was built in 3 years. Initially, the plant performed all periodic repairs of steam locomotives for the Wrocław and Opole railway district. In 1933, the plant employed 1,320 people. In 1945, the plant was destroyed during the war. After the Second World War, the plant was located in Poland. The reconstruction of the plant took over 3 years. Steam locomotives and wagons were repaired at the plant. From 1970, diesel and electric locomotives used in PKP were repaired. In 1980, the plant employed approximately 1,500 people. Rolling Stock Repair Works in Oleśnica S.A. is a company with a rich tradition dealing with the repair, servicing and modernization of electric and diesel locomotives as well as passenger carriages. The company provides a high number of services provided by qualified staff and extensive technical facilities. The company's clients include, among others, PKP Intercity, PKP Cargo, Przewozy Regionalne.

Railway lines in Oleśnica.

Railway line No. 143.

Railway line No. 143 Kalety - Wrocław Popowice. In the area of ​​Oleśnica, in 1945, the trail was No. 229/220, and in 1988, the trail was No. 210. The route is of national importance, it is double-track and electrified. Oleśnica is situated on the route of 133.69 km. The line runs through the following provinces: Śląskie, Opolskie and Dolnośląskie.

The sections that make up today's line are: On May 28, 1868, the Wrocław Nadodrze - Oleśnica section was opened. On November 15, 1868, the Oleśnica - Kluczbork section was opened. On July 1, 1883, the Kluczbork - Olesno Śląskie section was opened. On May 1, 1884, the section Olesno Śląskie - Lubliniec was opened. On October 15, 1884, the Lubliniec - Kalety section was opened. In 1906, the Wrocław Mikołajów railway station was opened.

On September 7, 1972, the line was electrified. In the period 2012 - 2015, the Kluczbork - Kalety section was modernized. From 2015, the section Oleśnica - Wrocław Psie Pole was modernized. From 2018, work continued to remove permanent speed limits up to 30 km / h (viaducts and culverts). This made it possible to maintain a constant speed of passenger trains up to 120 km / h. Two new passenger stops were created: Pielgrzymowice, 116.76 km of the route, Mirków 150.17 km of the route (2023).

Railway line No. 281.

Railway line No. 281 is a line connecting Oleśnica - Chojnice, through Milicz, Krotoszyn, Jarocin, Września, Gniezno, Janowiec Wielkopolski, Nakło nad Notecią and Więcbork. The railway line No. 281 is of national importance on the section Oleśnica - Milicz. The line is double-track and partially electrified. The line runs from south to north. The total length of line No. 281 is 310 km. In 1945, from Oleśnica, the line was No. 220, and in 1988, it was No. 200.

Railway line No. 181.

Railway line No. 181 is the line connecting Oleśnica - Herby Nowe. The trail was established in 1872. It is 149.43 km long. The maximum speed on the trail is 100 km / h. The line has two main sections: Oleśnica - Kępno and Kępno - Wieluń - Herby Nowe. In 1945, the section Oleśnica - Kępno was No. 225C, and in 1988, it was No. 318. This route was always single-track and non-electrified. The route runs east-west through the village of Syców. Syców used to be a junction station.

On November 10, 1871, the Oleśnica - Syców section was opened, and on March 1, 1872, the Syców - Kępno section was launched.

The trail runs near the former military airport in Oleśnica. Railway sidings leading to the airport departed from this route. These tracks provided building materials and supplies for the construction of the airport and barracks, and then the goods needed for their operation.

Railway route No. 181 in the vicinity of the former airport. 2013 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
Railway route No. 181 in the vicinity of the former airport. 2013 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Until 2002, passenger and goods traffic was maintained on the section Oleśnica - Kępno. In 2002, the movement of personnel was suspended. Freight traffic was sporadic. In 2010, freight traffic was halted. Partial renovation of the track was undertaken by replacing the damaged wooden sleepers with new ones and supplementing the gaps in the subgrade as well as repairing the devastated railway equipment. Railroad crossings have been improved to include warning signals. The renovation of the line cost PLN 21 million. As a result of the renovation, the maximum speed was increased to 40 km / h. In 2016, freight traffic was restored. Currently (2022), the local governments of the counties located along the route No. 181 are trying to restore passenger traffic. The trail is still passable for freight trains.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman