History Construction List

Sikorsky-Mielec Black Hawk S-70i. 2010

Krakow 2018-05-23


317b Section 2010-03-15

Sikorsky-Mielec Black Hawk S-70i


Poland

History

Black Hawk 2007 Photo Karol Placha Hetman
Black Hawk 2007 Photo Karol Placha Hetman

Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman
Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman

Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman
Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman

Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman
Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman

Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman
Black Hawk No 6MBB Austria. 2009 Photo Karol Placha Hetman

S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2011. Photo Karol Placha Hetman
S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2011. Photo Karol Placha Hetman

S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2011. Photo Karol Placha Hetman
S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2011. Photo Karol Placha Hetman

S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2013. Photo Karol Placha Hetman
S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2013. Photo Karol Placha Hetman

S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2014. Photo Karol Placha Hetman
S-70i Black Hawk from Mielec 2014. Photo Karol Placha Hetman

Black Hawk

The Vietnamese war formed views on the use of helicopters on the battlefield. For the first time in the United States, a branch of the Air Cavalry was organized, whose basic means of transport were helicopters. A commonly used machine was the Bell UH-1 Iroquois (Huey) helicopter. However, with the beginning of 60 years, this helicopter did not meet the growing requirements of the army. Command of the US Army in the years 1965-1971 developed the assumptions defined UTTAS (Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System). On January 5, 1972, the competition was announced. The following companies joined the competition: Boeing Vertol and Sikorsky Aircraft. Both constructions were similar to each other.
That's how Sikorsky S-70 / YUH-60 A Black Hawk was created.

Sikorsky S-70 is an American family of medium utility helicopters, manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. The helicopter was developed for the US Army in 70-years, winning the competition and was designated as UH-60 Black Hawk and created a large family in the US military service. Since then, new and improved UH-60 versions have been developed. Civil versions and military versions are produced in accordance with various markings of S-70 models.

Sikorsky S-70 is an American family of medium transport and utility helicopters manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. The helicopter was developed for the US Army in 70-years, winning the competition and was designated as UH-60 Black Hawk and created a large family in the US military service. Since then, new and improved UH-60 versions have been developed. Civil versions and military versions are produced in accordance with various markings of H-60 / S-70 models.

The multirole Black Hawk helicopter serves in the US Army and the armed forces of 28 other countries around the world as a rugged, reliable utility helicopter.



In the last 40 years, this helicopter has operated in countless areas of combat to transport and evacuate a soldier, save human life, as a MEDEVAC evacuation platform or victims of conflicts, provide supplies to soldiers, delivering basic products during natural disasters. The helicopter acts as an air fireman and is used to patrol the borders.

Currently, a modern variant of this helicopter is taking a new set of missions - as an armed helicopter, which ensures the elimination of enemy fire, when supporting ground troops, as well as creating an armed escort. Thanks to digital avionics, powerful General Electric engines, high airframe strength and composite, wide rotor blades, today's Black Hawk platform has better survival capability, provides a complete assessment of the situation, can fly higher and carry more cargo than its previous versions.

Over 4,000 Black Hawk machines of all types are now used throughout the world. The United States Army is the largest operator with 2,135 pieces of H-60. The same helicopter is exported internationally directly from Sikorsky under the designation S-70.

The S-70 family was developed to meet the requirements of the US Army to replace the UH-1 Iroquois medium helicopter family. The works started in 1972. Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) - a system of tactical air transport. Three prototypes (+ two for ground tests) were built, S-70 / YUH-60 A, and the first flight was made on October 17, 1974. The Boeing-Vertol YUH-61A was a competitor. The competitive YUH-61 machine was flown on November 29, 1974.

In the spring of 1976, the military began testing flights. Each company delivered 3 helicopters. In virtually every way, YUH-60 towered at YUH-61. He had a faster climb speed, maximum speed, lower own weight, lower operating costs, and a greater level of safety for the crew. The YUH-61 A helicopter had only a better impeller, so-called semi-rigid, composite, built on the basis of the MBB license.

The result of the competition was announced on December 23, 1976. The winner was YUH-60A and was directed to production and entered service as UH-60 A Black Hawk in the US Army in 1979. The first flight of serial UH-60 took place on October 17, 1978.

The first order from December 1976 included 15 machines, then in the spring of 1977, a further 368 machines were ordered, with a deadline of completion until the end of 1981. The first UH-60 A helicopter was delivered to the US Army on October 31, 1978. On 19 June 1979, the first UH-60 A helicopter went to the training center in Alabama. The first operational unit was the 101st Air Cavalry Unit at Fort Cambell, Kentucky.

In April 1982, another large order was placed for 294 machines with a delivery time until the end of 1985. The contract value is $ 950 million.

The first military operation for UH-60 was the American intervention in Grenada in 1983. Helicopters transported invasion troops from the aircraft carrier Guam to the island. UH-60 turned out to be very good. One of the UH-60 returned to the base with many bullet holes.

After entering the service, the helicopter was modified for new missions and tasks, including mines and medical evacuations. The EH-60 variant was developed to conduct electronic warfare. MH-60 variant for special aviation operations and support of other missions. At the end of the 80's, the model was upgraded to the UH-60 L, which received new General Electric T700-701C engines with more power.

The upgraded UH-60 M model was developed in early 2000. UH-60 M and its international version, S-70i, with GPS navigation, glass cockpit, integrated flight management system and significant modernization of the propulsion system and rotor, adding both power and lifting capacity.

Several versions of the S-70 are used to transport the president of the United States, who is called the "Marine One" when transporting the president.

In assault operations, the machine can carry 20 people, a branch of 11 armed soldiers or 105 mm M102 howitzer, thirty ammunition shells and a crew of six. Alternatively, it can carry 2 600 pounds (1 200 kg) of a load or suspended load of 9,000 pounds (4,100 kg).

The US Navy received the first personalized SH-60 B Seahawk (Sea Hawk) in 1983, and the SH-60 F Ocean Hawk in 1988.

HH-60 G Pave Hawk is a highly modified version of the S-70 helicopter, designed primarily to rescue a crewed plane or other isolated personnel during a war or conflict. It is equipped with a winch with a 250-foot (76-m) rope, which has a capacity of 600 pounds (270 kg). The helicopter has a retractable refueling probe in flight. US Air Force received MH-60 G Pave Hawk in 1982.

The Coast Guard of the United States received HH-60 J Jayhawk in 1992.

S-70 A Firehawk is an S-70 version designed to extinguish fires, rescue, medical evacuation and external lifting of large loads and equipment. The Oregon National Guard was the first military organization in the world to add Firehawk to its equipment. The Fire Department in Los Angeles was the first urban organization to use these helicopters.

In the American film "Helikopter w ogniu" directed by Ridley Scott, the real events from the operation in Mogadishu were presented. During the action of the American forces, two MH-60 Black Hawk helicopters were shot down. The film was made in 2001, and it presents the events of 1993.

S-70i Black Hawk: The international military version produced by the subsidiary Sikorsky, PZL Mielec in Poland.

S-70i Black Hawk

The S-70i Black Hawk helicopter is the latest model of the Black Hawk multirole aircraft family. The helicopter is being built by PZL Mielec, a subsidiary of Sikorsky Aircraft. The S-70i is offered to international military clients and government agencies.

The letter "i" in the name means international - international.

The S-70i helicopter can be configured in accordance with customer-specific missions, such as military transport and assault, command and control, border patrol, search and rescue, cargo transport and VIP transport.

In PZL Mielec, the first cabin was built on March 12, 2009. The first complete helicopter S-70i in PZL Mielec was built on March 15, 2010, and its first flight was made at the Sikorsky Aircraft research center in West Palm Beach, Florida on July 1, 2010.

The S-70i and UH-60 helicopters have the same airframe, therefore the UH-60 helicopter element is manufactured in PZL Mielec. Initially, the S-70i helicopters went to the US for retrofitting. Then, the completion of helicopters was carried out at PZL Mielec and from Mielec, they were delivered to customers.

PZL Mielec delivered the first three S-70i Black Hawk helicopters to the customer in August 2011.

Sikorsky Aircraft signed a contract with the Ministry of Defense of Brunei in December 2011. For the supply of 12 S-70i helicopters for Royal Brunei Air Force (RBAF). The contract scope also includes the supply of spare parts, training equipment and ground support, as well as an option for ten additional helicopters.

Sikorsky delivered five S-70i Black Hawks to the Special Forces unit at the Air Assault Division in Colombia in March 2013. The Colombian army placed an order with Sikorsky Aircraft for two additional S-70i Black Hawk in April 2013.

The S-70i Black Hawk has a maximum gross weight of 9,979 kg. It can accommodate two crew members and up to 13 armed soldiers.

Reliable design of the S-70i airframe, it is resistant to collisions, integrates the structure of the hold and cockpit. The construction can resist a fire from hand weapons and larger projectiles. Entry and exit of the crew and soldiers is carried out by opening the cockpit door and two sliding doors of the hold.

The helicopter can be equipped with ballistic protection, active vibration control system, medical equipment, integrated helicopter control system (IVHM), additional fuel tanks, external rescue winch, cone device and load hook.

The S-70i glass cockpit offers secure places in the event of an accident for the pilot and co-pilot. The fully integrated digital cockpit is equipped with an advanced avionics package with four 10-inch multifunction displays (MFD), dual digital automatic flight control system and coupled flight controller and flight management system (FMS).

The navigation and communication systems include a dual built-in GPS / INS system with a digital map, two UHF / VHF, AM / FM radios, an automatic direction detector, VOR / ILS and a three-stage electronic communication system (ICS).

The spacious storage area is 8.1 m².

The S-70i basic helicopter does not have standard weaponry. Newly built S-70i helicopters or existing platforms can be integrated into the Battlehawk system. The system includes machine guns, 70 mm rocket launchers, a laser-air-ground-guided missile system, controlled from a pilot's helmet, an external armament fixing system on outriggers.

The navigation and communication systems include a dual built-in GPS / INS system with a digital map, two UHF / VHF, AM / FM radios, an automatic direction detector, VOR / ILS and a three-stage electronic communication system (ICS).

The S-70i Black Hawk is powered by two T700-GE701D turbocharged engines equipped with an electronic type C control system. Each engine develops a maximum power of 1,447 kW.

Turbine engines can run for 30 minutes without lubrication. The T700-GE-701D engine is replaced in 4 hours. The helicopter has an auxiliary power unit APU Solar T62T-40-1 with 100 HP (75 kW).

The twin-engine drive moves the main rotor consisting of four composite-titanium blades. The fuel system consists of two independent and self-sealing fuel tanks placed behind the loader. A single-point connection allows pressure refueling of all fuel tanks.

The S-70i Black Hawk is equipped with a three-point chassis with energy absorption functions. The durable chassis allows you to land and take off from virtually any unprepared area.

The S-70i can fly at a maximum cruising speed of 277 km / h. The service ceiling of the AEO helicopter (all operational engines) is 13,200 feet. The helicopter has a maximum range of 459 km without reserve.

The S-70i Black Hawk can be transported on board the Lockheed C-130 Hercules or any larger aircraft.

Black Hawk for Polish Special Forces

Poland as a country with huge experience in the field of helicopter construction and production, Poland does not have to be dependent on purchases of equipment from abroad, from factories that could at any moment impose an embargo on the supply of spare parts to Poland.

It is in Poland's interest to regain the total impact on the PZL Świdnik plant. Maintenance in the production of helicopters PZL SW-4, PZL W-3 Sokół / Głuszec and the commencement of work on the helicopter PZL Sokół Long / Max. However, this plan, at this stage, is unrealistic.

In this situation, the "B" plan remains, i.e. the acquisition of helicopters built in the country.

At the end of 2016, several declarations regarding the acquisition of new machines were made by the government. Among other things, the Defense Ministry declared the purchase of 10 Black Hawk helicopters from Mielec (two in 2016 and eight in 2017) for Special Forces. To increase the chances of finalizing the contract, the Minister of National Defense, Antoni Macierewicz, secreted all activities in this matter. Nevertheless, the proceedings conducted in "complete confidentiality, for orders of fundamental importance for the security of the state" were blocked by freemasonry.

In 2017, two procedures were launched for the purchase of helicopters for the Polish Navy and Special Forces. Assault machines have also become a priority. The problem is that the change in the position of the Minister of National Defense on January 9, 2018, did not serve to maintain the liquidity of the proceedings.

In 2018, the Armament Inspectorate ran procedures for the purchase of 8 machines for Special Forces and the same number of ZOP (anti-submarine) machines with the possibility of performing rescue missions in combat conditions for the Navy (CSAR). On 18 January 2017, the Minister of National Defense Antoni Macierewicz informed that the purchase of helicopters under the urgent operational need is to include eight machines for Special Forces and eight for the Navy (16 in total). Optimistic were the forecasts that the contract (s) will be concluded in less than a year, and the first machines will be no later than mid-2018. The time was too short.

In March 2018, corrections were made to WTT. The aim was to make the delivery dates of new helicopters more realistic, as well as the issues of inspections, servicing and repairs.

The current selection of medium-sized helicopter is extremely important, because it will set the direction for at least another 50 years. As it was with the WSB Lockheed F-16 Jastrząb planes.

Special Forces are a Polish specialty. Poland has five special brigades. The purchase of helicopters for these formations results from the commitments made in the framework of detailed arrangements in NATO. Black Hawk helicopters (Sikorsky and PZL Mielec consortium), AW.101 (PZL Świdnik) and H225 Caracal (a consortium of Airbus Helicopters and Heli Ivest) were proposed.

On January 25, 2019, on Friday, a contract was signed for the supply of four Black Hawk helicopters for Special Forces. According to the assurances of the head of the Defense Ministry, Mariusz Błaszczak, it is the first party. Helicopters were produced in PZL Mielec, which since 2007 belongs to the Americans, and since 2015 is owned by Lockheed Martin.

The contract was signed by Defense Minister Mariusz Błaszczak and the president of PZL Mielec Janusz Zakręcki. PZL Mielec is responsible for delivering the machines. Helicopters will be delivered by December 2019. The contract value is PLN 683.4 million gross. The price includes a logistics package, comprehensive training of pilots and technical staff, and retrofitting machines with specialized equipment for Special Forces. The special equipment of the ordered helicopters is classified information.

Minister ON Mariusz Błaszczak said - "This is an important day. The Polish Army bought Black Hawks, checked helicopters. "He stressed that this is a structure selected by more than 20 countries, also tested in combat conditions, including in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki also took part in the ceremony of signing the contract. The Prime Minister stressed that - "Through this type of purchases, Poland strengthens not only the NATO alliance and the security of the Polish sky, but also the Polish industry. It is a combination of development strategy with a strategy to ensure safety. Let these "black hawks", Black Hawks guard the Polish sky. "

Black Hawk for the Polish Police

In the shadow of helicopter contracts for the Polish Army, the Polish Police unexpectedly announced that it would acquire helicopters for its needs. On May 30, 2018, a contract was signed for the purchase of two Sikorsky S-70i Black Hawk helicopters for the Polish Police. In the presence of the Minister of Interior and Administration Joachim Brudziński, the contract for the purchase of machinery was signed by Chief Commander of the Police, Superintendent Jarosław Szymczyk.

Helicopters purchased by the Police will be assigned to landing and transport tasks. They will serve in the activities carried out by the Anti-Terrorist Operations Office.

The helicopters for the Polish Police got loud in April 16, 2018, when the Lockheed Martin group on its official website in the USA published an ad for work on servicing S-70i helicopters of the Polish Police. On April 21, 2018, the Airbus Helicopters group officially announced the willingness to participate in the tender. The contract for Black Hawk helicopters was closed on 5 May 2018, without the participation of the press and television.

On 4 July 2018, the Police disclosed the price of the contract, which totaled PLN 142.66 million. Helicopters were bought "from a free hand" as an urgent need for national defense.

In the US, Black Hawk helicopters are used by the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). State Police in the United States use smaller machines, but with serious actions it is supported by the National Guard, which has Black Hawk. Black Hawk helicopters have Police in countries such as Turkey, Brazil, Mexico and Colombia.

On November 30, 2018, Friday, the plants in Mielec gave the police two helicopters Black Hawk. The ceremony was attended by Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and minister Joachim Brudzinski. The ceremony took place at the Bemowo Airport in Warsaw, where their base is located. Helicopters were sacrificed by the priest's chaplain. Helicopters will be used mainly in special operations, anti-terrorism, search campaigns and natural disasters. At the beginning, the staff consisted of 8 mechanics and 6 pilots.

-"Never before did the police get new helicopters. Usually, these were helicopters, helicopters, which were used earlier for the needs of other formations, primarily the army. "- said the Prime Minister, Mateusz Morawiecki.

The head of the Ministry of Interior and Administration Joachim Brudziński said that soon more machines of this type could be sent to the police. - "Another, third (Black Hawk) will appear here in Warsaw, already in spring; it may be possible that it will be March 2019. "Joachim Brudziński reminded that the youngest helicopter, which has the Police, is 13 years old, and the oldest is 47 years old.


In mid-November 2018, a contract was signed for the supply of a third Black Hawk helicopter for the Police.

This is not the end of new helicopters for the police. On February 1, 2019, it was reported that the police would receive three new light Bell-407GXi helicopters. They will replace the most depleted PZL Mi-2 helicopters. By the way, it was revealed that the two previous tenders were canceled. In both cases, the only offer was made by the Polish representative of the Airbus Helicopters group, offering H.125 machines. The communiqué did not provide information on the amount or why the police chose Bell. It is a fact that the police have three other helicopters from Bell.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman