Okęcie Airport. 2009

Kraków 2009-12-03

Okęcie Airport.

Okęcie on the Map of Poland. 2009 year. Photo of LAC
Okęcie on the Map of Poland. 2009 year. Photo of LAC

Okęcie airport. 2009 year. Photo of LAC
Okęcie airport. 2009 year. Photo of LAC

First years.

In 1923, a railway and a tram line were brought to Okęcie. The Okęcie airport began to build in 1924. An area of ​​456 hectares was purchased for the purpose of the new airport. In 1929, the PZL Engine Factory and Civil Aircraft Repair Workshops were established here. In 1929, several combat squadrons were transferred to Okęcie Airport.

In the period 1933-1934, air traffic was transferred from the Pole Mokotowskie Airport to the Okecie airport. A road from Śródmieście to the Okęcie airport was built then. This is today's Al. Żwirki i Wigury.

From 1933, the Okęcie area became a center of aviation industry, where over 7,500 people worked in the 1930s. It should be remembered that the Okęcie district was still an agricultural area that supplied food to the city.

On April 29, 1934, an airport station was officially opened at Okęcie Airport. Former President Ignacy Mościcki, Prime Minister Janusz Jędrzejewski, Speaker of the Sejm, five ministers, diplomatic corps with US ambassadors, CCCP, Italy, directors of seven European airlines. Holy Mass was celebrated by bishop Józef Gawlina.

Gate to the Okecie Airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Gate to the Okecie Airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Opening of the Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Opening of the Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Ceremonial opening of the Okęcie Airport. Field Mass celebrated by field bishop Józef Gawlin. In the place of honor President Ignacy Mościcki. April 29, 1934.

Okęcie April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Okęcie April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Ceremonial opening of the Okęcie Airport. In the place of honor President Ignacy Mościcki. In the first row from the left are from the right: Prime Minister Janusz Jędrzejewicz, Speaker of the Sejm Kazimierz Świtalski, Warsaw Voivode Stanisław Twardo, Interior Minister Bronisław Pieracki, Warsaw Voivode Władysław Jaroszewicz, Treasury Minister Władysław Marian Zawadzki, Minister of Labor and Social Welfare Stefan Hubicki, Minister Communications Michał Butkiewicz, Minister of Posts and Telegraphs Emil Kaliński, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Jan Szembek. On the right are representatives of diplomacy. April 29, 1934.

Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Modern Okęcie airport. Two stylish buildings between the hangars. In one there was a station, in the other an airport service.

The Okęcie terminal in all its glory. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
The Okęcie terminal in all its glory. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Okęcie airport. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Station waiting room. Please look at the map of Europe and see the network of flights from Warsaw.

Ticket offices from the back side. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC
Ticket offices from the back side. April 29, 1934. Photo of NAC

Above the area was a 50-meter tower with an airport lantern, visible within a radius of 100 kilometers. This is how navigation problems were solved then. Thanks to this lighthouse, pilots had easier orientation. It functioned in the same way as lighthouses. There were no radar stations at that time.

A 50-meter tower with a lantern and in the air a squadron of Polish combat aircraft. Photomontage. Okecie 1934. Photo of NAC
A 50-meter tower with a lantern and in the air a squadron of Polish combat aircraft. Photomontage. Okecie 1934. Photo of NAC

Written by Karol Placha Hetman