Mikojan i Guriewicz MiG-21 R

Kraków 2009-04-01

215b Section 1968-09-28

OKB Mikojan and Guriewicz MiG-21 R

Poland

History

MiG-21 R nb 1125 nr 94R021125 Czyżyny 2008. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125 nr 94R021125 Czyżyny 2008. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

History MiG-21 R

The MiG-21 R reconnaissance aircraft (Type 94 R) with the R-11 F2S-300 engine and the SPS installation (blowing air on the flaps) was developed on the basis of the MiG-21 PFM. There is no tank 1 in the hull. Fuel tank 7 for the fuselage has been increased to 340 liters. The total capacity of the fuel installation is 2,800 liters. The aircraft received an additional two external suspension hooks for 2 x 490 liters fuel tanks. The aircraft to be rearranged has the ability to carry 3 suspended tanks. The aircraft has a ground speed of 1 150 km / h.


The aircraft has new equipment; autopilot AP-155, warning station SPO-3, which warns from every direction (previous SPO-2 only from the back), this station automatically fires or manually dipoles from the ASO-21 ejector. From the plane, you can manually fire the PRP-26 thermal cartridges (more commonly known as flares).

The aircraft can move containers;


Type R - radio-electronic reconnaissance station; SRS-6, SRS-7 M, Rhomb-4 A, Rhomb-4 B and A-39 photo camera.


Type D - for daytime photography of 7 cameras.

Type N - for night photography 1 camera UA-47 and 152 illuminating cartridges FP-100.

Type T - TV reconnaissance, used only in CCCP, Barij-M apparatus.

Recognition containers are described in detail in separate chapters.


MiG-21 R aircraft were built in Gorki in 1965-1971.

MiG-21 R in Poland. 1968.


Reconnaissance aviation in Poland has always been appreciated. It can be said that aerial reconnaissance was a priority in Poland. Another thing is that CCCP did not want Poland to be equipped with modern means of reconnaissance. We can recall, for example, the history of Jak-27 R aircraft.

The reconnaissance aviation at the airport in Sochaczew.

At the beginning of the 1960s, Poland had one reconnaissance regiment. It was the 21st Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. It was based at the Bielice airport near Sochaczew. During this time, reconnaissance aviation was developing and a new aviation technique was introduced. That is why organizational changes were necessary. On April 12, 1963, the Order of the Air Force Commander No. 030 / Org. Appeared. On its basis, the 21st Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment became the 21st Regiment of Tactical Recognition Aviation, and based on its part the 32nd Regiment of Artillery Reconnaissance Aviation was established, as JW. 1031. From the beginning, the regiment was subject to Operational Aviation.

21 PLRT had Il-28 R aircraft in use, which were long-range aircraft. 32 PLRA was equipped with various types of „Lim” planes and helicopters, used for reconnaissance in a near zone.

In 1968, 21 PLRT is transferred to the Powidz airport.


At that time, the main reconnaissance aircraft were; single-seat Lim-2 R, Lim-2, two-seat SB Lim-2 A, SB Lim-1. Helicopters are the second group; SM-1, SM-2.

MiG-21 R


In 1968, the first two copies of the MiG-21 R aircraft No. 94 R 011422, 94 R 01423 were delivered to Poland, which replaced the Lim-2 R aircraft. The aircraft were equipped with 41 PLM in Malbork and began their service on September 28, 1968.

In 1969, another two MiG-21 R aircraft arrived to Poland. In 1971, there were already 12 of these aircraft.

It was planned that the most important hunting regiments would be equipped with a key (4 aircraft) for such aircraft. Just like it was with the Lim-2 R aircraft. However, it turned out that the machines collect information very quickly, but later there is a problem with their interpretation. The range of MiG-21 R is sufficient in relation to the country. All MiG-21 R aircraft were collected in one Regiment. The airport in Sochaczew was selected (32 PLRA).

The next MiG-21 R reconnaissance aircraft purchased by Poland were transferred to Sochaczew on January 13, 1972, by Soviet pilots. The machines adopted had serial numbers: 94R01064, 94R021071, 94R021125, 94R021273, 94R021311, 94R021375, 94R021412, 94R022051, 94R022097, 94R022213, 94R022355, 94R022426, 94R022503 and 94R022617.

Simultaneous "D" and "R" type storage tanks were supplied with the aircraft. 
In the same month (January 1972) another batch of MiG-21 R aircraft was delivered, with serial numbers: 94R021085, 94R021101, 94R021139, 94R021507, 94R022089, 94R022111, 94R022301, 94R022402, 94R022533 and 94R022657.

In total, over 4 years, 36 aircraft in 5 batches were brought to Poland, equipped with 32 PLRTiA, forming the core of reconnaissance aviation.

Reconnaissance flights of the MiG-21 R aircraft with R-type tanks made in the years 1973 - 1990. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
Reconnaissance flights of the MiG-21 R aircraft with R-type tanks made in the years 1973 - 1990. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

During the operation of the MiG-21 R aircraft, several incidents occurred, but no incident caused any loss of health or life for anyone and did not cause any international crisis.

MiG-21 R nb 1125 in the museum in Czyżyny. 2007. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125 in the museum in Czyżyny. 2007. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

MiG-21 R nb 1064 with a Type D storage tank. 1980. Photo of LAC
MiG-21 R nb 1064 with a Type D storage tank. 1980. Photo of LAC

MiG-21 R nb 1916 No. with Type D container. 1980. Photo of LAC
MiG-21 R nb 1916 No. with Type D container. 1980. Photo of LAC

MiG-21 R nb 1423. 32 PLRTiA. 2 Squadron emblem on the fuselage. Type D. Sochaczew storage tank under the fuselage. 1990. Photo of LAC
MiG-21 R nb 1423. 32 PLRTiA. 2 Squadron emblem on the fuselage. Type D. Sochaczew storage tank under the fuselage. 1990. Photo of LAC

MiG-21 R nb 1071 with a Type D container, nb 2402 with a Type R container. 1980. Photo of LAC
MiG-21 R nb 1071 with a Type D container, nb 2402 with a Type R container. 1980. Photo of LAC

MiG-21 R aircraft served in Poland for a very long time. As early as 1990, there were 32 items in the Polish Air Force. Due to the lack of financial resources, in the first half of 1991, the first batch of 7 machines was sent for cassation to the airport in Mierzęcice.

In mid-1991, 32 PLRT had 24 MiG-21 Rs and 6 MiG-21 UMs at its disposal. Machines sent for cassation were newer machines, which, however, awaited the second renovation. Other machines were already after the second renovation, which was carried out at the end of the 80's and had a lot of resources ahead of them. Still in 1990, there were 32 pieces, and in 2000, 10 more.

In 1997, 32 PLRT was dissolved in Sochaczew. His still-functional MiG-21 R and MiG-21 UM planes were all transported to 3 PLM (former 62 PLM) in Krzesiny. The regiment handed over 11 operational MiG-21 R. Unnecessary reconnaissance equipment was dismantled in Krzesiny, and the aircraft were operated as typical fighters.

In 3 PLM / 3 ELM in Krzesiny, MiG-21 R aircraft crumbled very quickly. After a year, some were out of order, and they had 26 years of service behind them. The last MiG-21 R was written from October 2000.

During the service, seven machines were lost, only one in the catastrophe.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman


Kraków 2009-04-01

215b Section 1968-09-28

OKB Mikojan and Guriewicz MiG-21 R

Poland

Construction MiG-21 R

MiG-21 R nb 1125. The emblem of the 1st Squadron of the 32nd Regiment on the fuselage. Czyżyny 2007. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. The emblem of the 1st Squadron of the 32nd Regiment on the fuselage. Czyżyny 2007. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

MiG-21 R nb 1125. Reconnaissance tank Type R. On covers number 1507, which indicates that the tank was used by a plane with such a side number. 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. Reconnaissance tank Type R. On covers number 1507, which indicates that the tank was used by a plane with such a side number. 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

MiG-21 R nb 1125. Reconnaissance tank Type R. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. Reconnaissance tank Type R. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Construction MiG-21 R

The MiG-21 R is the fourth version of the MiG-21 aircraft purchased by Poland. At the beginning it should be emphasized that the MiG-21 R did not lose the features of a fighter aircraft and could perform typical fighter tasks. In Polish Aviation it happened so and MiG-21 R aircraft served, at the end of their operation, as typical fighters in Krzesiny.

The MiG-21 R reconnaissance aircraft (Type 94 R) with the R-11 F2S-300 engine with SPS installation (flap air blowing) was developed on the basis of the MiG-21 PFM. The tank no. 1 was removed from the hull, the tank for hull no. 7 was increased to 340 liters. The total installation capacity is 2 800 liters. To achieve adequate range, the aircraft received an additional two external suspension hooks for 2 x 490 liters fuel tanks. Interestingly, the aircraft for repositioning has the ability to carry up to 3 suspended tanks. The ground speed of the airplane was limited to 1 150 km / h. A set of cameras was placed in the place of the first fuel tank.

Basic differences between the MiG-21 PFM and the MiG-21 R.


The superstructure between the pilot's cabin and the vertical tail increased significantly. As a result, the amount of fuel in tank No. 7 increased from 170 liters to 340 liters. The sword antenna of the radio has also disappeared.

MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Inside the fuselage, the No. 1 fuel tank was liquidated, and reconnaissance equipment was installed, and above all, two or three aerial cameras.

Control panels appeared in the cockpit reconnaissance equipment mounted both in the hull and in recognition tanks suspended under the fuselage.

The aircraft received new equipment; autopilot AP-155, warning station SPO-3 / 3M, which warns from every direction (SPO-2 only from the rear), this station automatically fires or manually dipoles from the ASO-21 ejector, you can also manually fire the PRP-thermal cartridges from the aircraft 26 (more commonly known as flares).

Due to the new equipment, new antennas appeared on the fuselage (e.g. at the wing tips), while others changed the mounting location.

MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

The visible difference is also the offset Pitot tube. From the central position it was moved slightly to the right.

Under the wings there is a second pair of catches designed for hanging additional fuel tanks with a capacity of 2 x 490 liters.

MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125. Czyżyny 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

A reconnaissance tank hangs under the aircraft fuselage, but the aircraft has not lost the ability to carry an additional fuel tank in this place. So the plane can take three additional fuel tanks for transportation.

The aircraft can carry containers:

Type D - for daytime photography of 7 cameras.

Type R - radio-electronic reconnaissance station; SRS-6, SRS-7 M, Rhomb-4 A, Rhomb-4 B and A-39 photo camera.

Type N - for night photography 1 camera UA-47 and 152 illuminating cartridges FP-100. Not used in Poland.

Type T - TV recognition only in CCCP, Barij-M apparatus. Not used in Poland.

Polish aviation purchased two types of containers; type D and type R. These reservoirs have several common features. They are mounted centrally under the hull using the additional fuel tank fixing nodes and the additional node located behind the third aerodynamic brake. It should be noted that these containers are suspended only under the MiG-21 aircraft for which they were specially developed and are not suitable for other types of flying machines. When the bunkers are suspended under the hull, the third aerodynamic brake is locked and cannot be used. The two front air brakes operate unchanged. The containers have a shape similar to a cigar and they all have similar dimensions. Length about 4.80 m, maximum height about 0.65 m, width about 0.50 m. Their weight is about 150 kg.

Type D storage tank.


It has been adapted to take pictures in normal daytime weather conditions. 7 aerial cameras were installed on its deck. The upper part of the container is shaped like a beam and is its integral part. The ASzcz AFA-5M camera is placed in the front, taking pictures obliquely forward. Next were six more cameras with different focal lengths and pointing slightly to the right or left. The basic reconnaissance camera in Poland was the AFA-39 camera. In the rear part of the container there are compartments with power supply, cooling system and ejectors of radar and thermal traps.

Type D storage tank suspended under the fuselage of the MiG-21 R 1980. Photo by Jerzy Gruszczyński.
Type D storage tank suspended under the fuselage of the MiG-21 R 1980. Photo by Jerzy Gruszczyński.

Diagram of visual-photographic recognition. Prepared by Karol Placha Hetman
Diagram of visual-photographic recognition. Prepared by Karol Placha Hetman

Type R storage tank.


It has been adapted to conduct RRE type recognition. The constructional tray R is close to the tray D. Its basic components are; SRS-6, SRS-7 M, Rhomb-4 A, Rhomb-4 B and AFA-39 photo camera. In the front part there is an AFA-39 camera. Its role is to take a photo of the area slightly forward, which is the basis for determining the place and time when the Rhomb apparatus was launched. The Rhomb apparatus consists of two main blocks, which differ in the range of recorded frequencies of electromagnetic radiation reaching the container from outside. The rays reach the Rhombic devices through the side windows (a pair for each) made of radio-transparent material (green color). When the Rhomb devices are started and working properly on the desktop, the remote control sees two pulsing green lights. For safety on the ground, these windows are covered with protective covers (in red). At the back of the tray there is a block for recording captured signals. Cooling and power supply systems were also placed there.

Type R storage tank set on a transport trolley. 1980. Photo by Jerzy Gruszczyński
Type R storage tank set on a transport trolley. 1980. Photo by Jerzy Gruszczyński

Radio-electronic recognition scheme. Prepared by Karol Placha Hetman
Radio-electronic recognition scheme. Prepared by Karol Placha Hetman

MiG-21 R nb 1125 with "R" type storage tank. 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 R nb 1125 with "R" type storage tank. 2009. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Written by Karol Placha Hetman



Kraków 2009-04-01

215b Section 1968-09-28

OKB Mikojan and Guriewicz MiG-21 R

Poland

Tally of MiG-21 R

R type 94 R The first aircraft in the MiG-21 R version were purchased in 1968. Supplies; 2 pieces 1968, 2 pieces 1969, 8 pieces 1970, 24 pieces 1972, 36 pieces in total. The aircraft were built at the Gorki plant. The aircraft were armed with 32 PLRT (tactical reconnaissance aviation regiment) in Sochaczew.

1 R 1422 / 94R011422 28.09.1968 Until 1969 in 41 PLM in Malbork, then in 32 PLRT. Withdrawn on February 22, 1990 and as an exhibit (?).

2 R 1423 / 94R011423 28.09.1968 Until 1969 in 41 PLM in Malbork, then in 32 PLRT in the 2nd Squadron. Crashed near Drzonów.

3 R 1705/94 R 01705 7.07.1969 Initially not in Sochaczew. Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

4 R 1706/94 R 01706 13.11.1969 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew in the 2nd Squadron. Damaged near Sochaczew. It remained as an exhibit in Sochaczew (2004).

5 R 1909/94 R 01909 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. As an exhibit (Kessel).

6 R 1911/94 R 01911 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. On June 3, 1987, broken.

7 R 1912/94 R 01912 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. After leaving the service in Karstadt.

8 R 1913/94 R 01913 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

9 R 1914/94 R 01914 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. On May 26, 1980. broken.

10 R 1915/94 R 01915 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. On June 6, 1983 broken.

11 R 1916/94 R 01916 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew in 1 Squadron, then in 3 ELT.

12 R 1917/94 R 01917 16.04.1970 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

13 R 1064 / 94R 021064 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. From this copy all new aircraft went to Sochaczew. After leaving the service in Dęblin as an exhibit (1998).

14 R 1071 / 94R 021071 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

15 R 1085 / 94R021085 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

16 R 1101 / 94R021101 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

17 R 1125 / 94R021125 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew in 1 Squadron. Museum in Czyżyny (2002, 2009).

18 R 1139 / 94R021139 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

19 R 1273 / 94R021273 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

20 R 1311 / 94R021311 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

21 R 1375 / 94R021375 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

22 R 1412 / 94R021412 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

23 R 1507 / 94R021507 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

24 R 2051 / 94R022051 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

25 R 2089 / 94R022089 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew, 3 ELTs. Private in Wyszyn Machorowska at the stonemason's factory (2004).

26 R 2097 / 94R022097 13.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

27 R 2111 / 94R022111 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

28 R 2213 / 94R022213 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

29 R 2301 / 94R022301 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. Withdrawn in October 1996.

30 R 2355 / 94R022355 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

31 R 2402 / 94R022402 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. In the 70's most photographed. Crashed on 27.07.1981.

32 R 2426 / 94R022426 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

33 R 2503 / 94R022503 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew. Private exhibit in Olchowa (2000, 2004).

34 R 2533 / 94R022533 25.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

35 R 2617 / 94R022617 26.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

36 R 2657 / 94R022657 25.01.1972 Used in 32 PLRT Sochaczew.

Planes remained in service for a very long time. In 1990 there were 32 pieces in service, and in 2000 10 pieces. In 1991 7 machines were sent to cassation. These were the newest machines that awaited the second major renovation. Older machines were just after the second renovation, so they remained in service. During the service, seven machines were lost, and only one in the disaster. The last MiG-21 R was written from October 2000.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman