F-16 Jastrząb. 2017

Kraków 2017-08-26

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin (General Dynamics) F-16 D Advanced Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland

History

F-16 D nb 4085. 2011 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 D nb 4085. 2011 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Under the wing AMG-158 JASSM, a Joint Air-to-Sur face Stand off Missile, with a range of 370 km.

F-16 C nb 4062. 2017 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 C nb 4062. 2017 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

History of Polish F-16.

Since 2006, the Polish Air Force has been operating multi-purpose combat aircraft (WSB) Lockheed Martin (General Dynamics) F-16 Advanced Block 52 + Jastrząb. Emotions have already arisen in connection with their purchase. Machines perform very well. The National-Catholic Government of the Republic of Poland has already sent them to stabilization missions to the Baltics and to the Middle East to Iraq. In this way, Polish combat units were enabled to gain valuable experience in real combat conditions.

Initially, Poland was to purchase 60 combat aircraft, which were to be sent to Krzesin (3rd ELT - tactical aviation squadron), Łask (10th ELT) and Powidz (6th ELT). In connection with the acquisition of further used MiG-29 machines from the rake, the number of new WSBs was reduced to 48 (36 single and 12 two-seater). When choosing F-16 planes, Poland decided to bind itself with Yankee's armaments technology for many years, which is quite good and promises to acquire modern F-35 fighters in the future. The highest authorities of the Republic of Poland decided that the main base of WSB F-16 was the unit located at the airport in Krzesiny. This airport has been serving military aircraft for over 90 years. Krzesiny Airport has become a real base, meeting the standards and procedures for the operation of WSB. 32 machines operate at Krzesiny Airport (31 Tactical Air Base). The second base is the Łask Airport (32 Tactical Air Base), which was also completely rebuilt. Here, 16 machines are based, including all with reconnaissance tasks (tactical air recognition system DB-110 from Goodrich).

History F-16.

At the end of the 60s of the 20th century, the USAF air force based the concept of aviation on a heavy fighter plane (implemented in the form of an F-15 aircraft) and a light one, which was to be its complement. The competition received the designation LWF (Light Weight Fighter). On February 18, 1972, five companies were invited to the next stage of the competition: General Dynamics, Northrop, Boeing, Lockheed, and LTV Aerospace. The companies were to present detailed designs of their proposals. The following companies went to the next stage: General Dynamics and Northrop. On April 14, two contracts were signed with both companies for the construction of two prototypes, which received the designation YF-16 and YF-17.

General Dynamics developed its designation Model 401. The assumption was to be a light aircraft, with the lowest possible take-off mass, single-engine, with excellent aerodynamics and control. The prototype was to be flown 22 months after the start of work. To shorten the time, the designers took many ready-made and proven solutions off the shelf. The construction of the model and airframe for static tests was abandoned, which was crazy, but it testified to the huge experience of the designers.

The first YF-16 took off on February 2, 1974, and the second on May 9, 1974. The first YF-16 prototype already reached the Ma-2 speed on March 11, 1974, at a ceiling of 12,100 m. The comparative tests of YF-16 and YF-17 were completed in January 1975 and the decision was made to serially manufacture General Dynamics F-16 aircraft .

The competitor, Northrop YF-17, developed a twin-engined aircraft that lost to the YF-16 but gained interest from US NAVY and realized itself in the form of the excellent F-18 fighter.

On April 9, 1975, General Dynamics entered into a contract for the production of six F-16 A single-seater aircraft and two F-16 B two-seater aircraft. These aircraft were defined as pre-series. USAF planned to purchase 1 388 F-16 machines. The first of the F-16 A aircraft was flown on December 8, 1976. The first F-16 B was flown on August 8, 1977. Serial production started in 1978. Foreign orders arrived quickly.

In 1975, European NATO countries sought the successor of Lockheed F-104. The following aircraft took part in the competition for a lucrative contract: Mirage F.1E, SAAB Viggen-37 and F-16. The advantage of the F-16 over its competitors turned out to be very large. Only he had an electronic control system and had the largest range of weapons. The initial order for Western Europe was for 348 F-16 A / B aircraft. The combat capability of the aircraft was expanded by installing a modern radar station. The front of the hull was rebuilt by widening it. The aircraft program was expanded to include the possibility of nuclear transfer. License production has been launched in Europe. The unit price of the F-16 A in 1980 was around $ 6.7-8 million.

In the 80s of the 20th century, new F-16 C / D versions were introduced into serial production, respectively single and two-seater. More important, however, are Block terms, which represent individual, higher levels of aircraft equipment, and at the same time combat capabilities. Block 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 were created in sequence. In addition, the second digit, 0 or 2, means General Electric or Pratt & Whitney engines. In 1993, serial production of F-16 aircraft was transferred to Lockheed Corporation, which sold the General Dynamics aerospace production department. In 1995, Lockheed merged with Martin Marietta, creating the Lockheed Martin group, which became the manufacturer of the F-16, including all copies that went to Poland. By 2012, approximately 4,500 F-16 aircraft had been built. F-16 aircraft are used in 26 countries.

Despite more than 40 years since the F-16 aircraft flown, the USAF air force intends to operate them for another twenty years. In other countries it will take longer. New versions of the F-16 are not being developed in the USA and production is already quenched. The successor to the F-35 is now on offer.

Lockheed Martin headquarters are located in the suburbs of Washington, in the city of Bethesda, Maryland. Lockheed Martin employs approximately 130,000 employees in the US and worldwide. In 2005, the company supplied customers with equipment totaling $ 37 billion, $ 200 million. The planes are built at a factory in Fort Worth, Texas.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman


Kraków 2017-08-26

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin (General Dynamics) F-16 D Advanced Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland

Construction F-16 C, D Advanced Block 52 + Jastrząb.

F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 C nb 4054. 2018 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

One- or two-seat, single-engine medium wing. Built in a classic layout. The F-16 is a multi-purpose aircraft with increased capabilities for air combat and ground attack, including at night. The structure is designed to withstand overloads + 9g, -3g.

Wings with a trapezoidal contour, NACA 64A-204 profile, bevel of the leading edge 40 degrees, without rising. Wing extension 3.2, area 27.87 m2. Multi-girder, two-part, half-shell structure, safe destruction type. It consists of 11 girders and 8 split ribs, including 4 reinforced, to which the weapon nodes are mounted. The girders begin with milled flange fittings for mounting the wings to the hull. The cover of the wings is made of single sheets. The inside of the wing was used for integral fuel tanks. On the leading edge, flaps of sandwich construction with beehive filler were installed, with an area of ​​both 3.41 m2. Flap ailerons, also of sandwich construction with beehive filler, were mounted on the trailing edge. They occupy 80% of the span and are interchangeable. Both have an area of ​​2.91 m2.

The fuselage of modular, half-shell, metal structure, safe destruction type. The fuselage is partly of the support type, which is why we talk about the band wings of this construction, we have in mind the lateral parts of the hull capable of generating lift. The hull is technologically divided into 3 parts and an air intake module. The front element houses a radar station, pilot's cabin (s), front fuel tank, cannon with ammunition drum. The middle module consists of 24 longitudinal members and 8 power frames. The chassis with chassis chambers are attached to this element. Inside, there is also an air duct and fuel tanks, and on the back a device for taking fuel in flight. The rear part of the fuselage consists of two lateral booms terminated with crocodile brake flaps, with a maximum deflection of 60 degrees. The booms are connected to the top above the engine and supplemented with bottom reinforcements, to which the landing hook is also attached. The landing hook does not mean that the aircraft is operated on aircraft carriers. The hook is an element of emergency shortening roll-out at airports equipped with this type of equipment. Sealed, air-conditioned cabin. The switchboard is equipped with 3 screens (cathode monitors) supplemented with a translucent indicator. Traditional instruments have been reduced to a minimum and play an emergency role. Under the dashboard are located those items of equipment that require air-conditioned conditions. Aces II catapult chair, type 0-0, tilted 30 degrees, for better tolerance of overload by the pilot. Cabin glazing is made of one sheet of plastic, 14-layer polycarbonate. The fairing is lifted up to the rear. Glazing completes the small window at the back. The visibility is 360 degrees horizontally, 270 degrees vertically and is very good. In the cabin, instead of the central rod, a joystick (joystick) was mounted on the right console.

Classical formation. Vertical with a 45-degree bevel, 5.09 m2, 4-girder half-shell construction. Carbon composite cover. Rake edge with sandwich construction with a honeycomb filler. A composite rudder with beehive filler, suspended in three points and has an area of ​​1.08 m2. At the base of the tail there are rudder control elements and some equipment. Horizontal, trapezoidal, horizontal arrangement with cut ends, with a 40-degree bevel and a 10-degree negative rise. Structurally made of one titanium girder and an auxiliary duralumin girder. The rest is cellular filling and composite covering. The horizontal crease is mutually interchangeable. The horizontal tail span is 5.60 m, and the area larger than the A / B versions - 5.92 m2. The set is supplemented by two aerodynamic steering wheels with a trapezoidal contour, spread sideways by 10 degrees. Composite structure with cellular filling.

Three-support chassis, with single wheels, retractable to the hull. Front half-fork, steerable, retractable back. Dimensions 0.457 x 0.145, with a pressure of 2.07 - 2.14 MPa. In the main chassis disc brakes with anti-slip system (ABS), retractable forward with a simultaneous rotation of 90 degrees so that they lie flat on the air channel. Dimensions 0.705 x 0.222, pressure 1.45 - 1.52 MPa. Oil and gas shocks in shin. 4.00 m chassis base, 2.36 m chassis spacing.

Data T-T F-16 C/D Block 52+.

Span 9.45 m

Length 15.03 m

Height 5.09 m

Bearing area 27.90 m2

Curb weight 8,870 kg

Maximum weight 19 185 kg

Load weight 5 435 kg

Fuel 2,570 kg, 3,935 liters

Maximum speed 2.2 Ma

Maximum speed of 2,700 km / h

Maximum speed of 1,472 km / h at an altitude of 0 m

Climbing speed 230 m / s

Range 4,472 km

Operating radius of 500-980 km

Ceiling 15 250 m

Run up to 530 m

Landing route 800 m

Written by Karol Placha Hetman



Kraków 2017-08-26

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin (General Dynamics) F-16 D Advanced Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland

Tally

The list of F-16 Jastrząb aircraft in Poland is included in the section - „F-16 Jastrząb. 2006. Tally".

Written by Karol Placha Hetman