PZL I-22 Iryda. Part 1. 1985.Last change: March 2020
271b Section 1985-03-05
PZL Iryda I-22
Combat training aircraft.
1 - 1 ANP 01-01, Nb 01 flightless. Intended for static tests. Built since 1980, it was completed at the beginning of 1984. Static tests were carried out in PZL Mielec. After the tests it was deleted.
2 - 1 ANP 01-02, SP-PWA / Nb 02. First flight on 1985-03-05. K-5 engines. The construction was completed in the second half of 1984. On 1985-03-05, the plane made its first flight, and Ludwik Natkaniec sat at the controls. The aircraft was painted with clear paint, and Nb 02 was black. It had chessboards. On 1987-01-30 in Radom, the plane crashed during dangerous flutter tests, in which pilot Major Jerzy Bachta was killed. Until the crash, the plane made 176 flights in 170 hours.
3 - 1 ANP 01-03, SP-PWB / Nb 03, K-5 engines. First flight on 1988-06-26. The prototype nb 03 and nb 04 were built almost in parallel. In 1985, they were nearing completion. The construction of the nb 03 aircraft was completed in March 1986, although without any structural changes already planned. The first flight of the prototype 1 ANP 01-03 took place on 1988-06-26, and at its controls was the pilot-experimental engineer Eng. Henryk Bronowicki, from WSK PZL-Mielec. The flight lasted 43 minutes. In December 1988, due to the change in regulations, the aircraft received civilian registration marks SP-PWB. (It is possible that the aircraft number was changed to No. 1 AN 001-03 nb 103 and it was given to the army for testing in Dęblin. See below.) The aircraft was painted with colorless paint and had an orange vertical tail. Registration number black.
4 - 1 ANP 01-04, SP-PWC / Nb 104, SP-PWC / Nb 104, K-5 engines. First flight on 1989-05-18. The aircraft was completed at the end of 1986. In December 1988, he received SP-PWC civil registration marks. It was the first fully completed aircraft. The first flight was planned for June 1988, but eventually it flew in 1989-05-18. The plane was painted with colorless paint and an orange vertical tail. In 1995, this aircraft was entered into the records of the School in Dęblin as stationary study assistance. On the airplane, the orange color of the vertical tail has been removed and distinctive signs have been added. In the following years, the plane became an exhibit in the open air on the school grounds, and from 2011, as an exhibit of the Air Force Museum in Dęblin.
5 - 1 AN 001-01 / 1 ANP 01-05, registration of SP-PWD, K-5 engines. First flight on 1989-10-22. Aircraft 1 AN 001-01 belonged to the first trial batch, but after the crash in 1987, this aircraft was renamed the prototype 1 ANP 01-05. In April 1989, final assembly was completed. He received registration SP-PWD. On 1989-10-22, the aircraft made its first flight. Immediately after the first flights, preparations for the installation of new engines began. The plane was painted with colorless paint and an orange vertical tail.
SP-PWD, M-93, K-15 engines. First flight 1992-12-22 year. Immediately after the first flights of the aircraft with K-5 engines, at the end of 1989, preparations for the assembly of K-15 engines began. Equipment was partially modernized. The aircraft has the factory designation M-91, which has been changed to M-93. On 1992-12-22, the aircraft made its first flight.
SP-PWD, M-93 S, K-15 engines. First flight 1994-05-26. From 1993, the aircraft was prepared for the assembly of Sagem avionics. On 1994-05-26, the aircraft made its first flight with Sagem avionics. The research cycle covered 30 flights and confirmed the excellent navigational and combat capabilities that no Polish military aircraft had at that time. The aircraft received new attractive white and red painting.
SP-PWD, M-96, K-15 engines. First flight 1996-12-21. From 1995, the aircraft underwent aerodynamic modernization. On 1996-12-21, the aircraft as a prototype of the M-96 version made its first flight. The plane was fitted with bands, turbolizers and an elevated vertical tail.
6 - 1 AN 001-02 / 1 ANP 01-06, SP-PWE, K-5 engines. The first flight 1991-07-04. Airplane 1 AN 001-02 belonged to the first trial batch. After the crash in 1987, this aircraft became a prototype 1 ANP 01-06. At the end of 1987, advanced 80%. He was the benchmark for serial production. The plane received a multi-colored camouflage, which all planes in the Polish Army were to receive. SP-PWE registration number in white. A little later, chessboards were added. Unfortunately, it was the only plane painted like that.
1 ANBP 01-01, SP-PWE, Rolls-Royce Viper 545 engines. M-93 V. First flight 1994-04-25. In 1994, the aircraft received a new serial number 1 ANBP 01-01 and was adapted for building new engines. The aircraft received the factory designation M-93 V. British single-flow engines Rolls-Royce Viper 545 (535), with a thrust of 2 x 1,499 kG. The first flight was made in 1994-04-25. A complete series of tests was carried out. The aircraft received new attractive white and red painting, but different from the SP-PWD aircraft. This aircraft, shown in September 1994 at the Farnborough exhibition in Great Britain, met with interest that was manifested in the observation of aircraft implementation in Poland.
7 - 1 AN 001-03, Nb 103, K-5 engines. The first flight 1992-05-05 of the year. At the end of 1987, the construction of this aircraft was 80% advanced. The aircraft was the first of the planned first series of 12 pieces for Polish Aviation. He made his first flight on 1992-05-05. The aircraft on 1992-10-24, was handed over to the school in Dęblin, as one machine, together with the AN 001-05 nb 105 aircraft. The aircraft was painted with colorless paint, black Nb 103 and checkerboard were painted. In 1996, the aircraft was transferred to Mielec with the intention of modernizing it. Modernization was not carried out. In 2008, it was handed over to the Polish Arms Museum in Kołobrzeg, in the M-91 version.
8 - 1 AN 001-04 / 1 ANP 001-04, nb 104, registration of SP-PWC, K-5 engines. First flight in June 1992. After the catastrophe in 1987, the aircraft was intended for additional static tests, although it was initially planned to be handed over to the army. At the end of 1987, 80% advanced construction. In June 1992, he made his first flight. Presumably it is the same aircraft as 1 ANP 01-04. The aircraft was tested at WSOSP Dęblin. The plane was transported to the Air Force Museum in Dęblin in 2011.
9 - 1 AN 001-05, nb 105, SP-PWD registration, K-5 engines. The first flight in July 1992. The aircraft belonged to the first production series for Polish Aviation. He made his first flight in July 1992. The aircraft was handed over to the school in Dęblin on 1992-10-24 as a 2nd machine, together with AN 001-03. In 1996, the aircraft was transferred to Mielec with the intention of modernizing it. The aircraft was tested at the Institute of Aviation in Warsaw. The aircraft was successively in versions M-93, M-93 S, M-96 (AN 001-01). In 2008, the aircraft was handed over to the State Higher Vocational School in Chełm and is presented at Depułtycze Królewskie Airport.
10 - 1 AN 001-06, nb 106, SP-PWE registration, K-5 engines. First flight in the second half of 1992. Military aircraft did not pick up. The aircraft was successively in versions: M-91 (AN 001-02), M-93 V (ANBP 1-01).
11 - 1 AN 001-07, nb 107, K-5 engines. First flight in the second half of 1992. Military aircraft did not pick up
12 - 1 AN 002-01, nb 0201, K-5 engines. First flight in 1993. Since the number of first aircraft to be handed over to the army dropped to 9 machines of the pre-service group, it was decided to build another trial series of 4 machines. During this time (May 1993), the Ministry of National Defense confirmed the order for two more aircraft of the trial series (including 4 machines) with simple equipment and Kashub-3 W 22 engines (PZL-5 / K-5). Three aircraft from this batch were already completed in 1993, and were given board numbers 0201, 0202, 0203 (no AN 002-01 to 03), and in 1994, AN 002-04 nb 0204. Airplane nb 0201 was painted with colorless paint, black side numbers and chessboards. The first flight was made in 1993, then the aircraft was transferred to Dęblin as the 3rd machine. It was thoroughly transferred to 58 LPSzk on 1995-02-24. In 1996, the aircraft was transferred to Mielec with the intention of modernizing it. Modernizations were not made. In 2008, the aircraft was handed over to the depot in Kutno.
13 - 1 AN 002-02, nb 0202, K-5 engines. First flight in 1993. Handed over to Dęblin as a 4th machine. Exactly to 58 LPSzk on 1995-02-24. In 1996, the aircraft was transferred to Mielec with the intention of modernizing it. In 2008, the aircraft was handed over to the Air Force Museum in Dęblin, but as a deposit it was handed over to the 22nd Tactical Air Base in Malbork.
14 - 1 AN 002-03. nb 0203, K-5 engines, then K-15. The plane was flown in 1993, with K-5 engines. In the second half of 1994, the engines were replaced with K-15. Handed over to Dęblin as a 5th machine. It was thoroughly transferred to 58 LPSzk on 1995-02-24. The plane had the emblem of the Dęblin school painted on. On 1996-01-24, during a flight around Radom, the machine completely crashes, burying two pilots. The death of the aviator died; Major T. Chudzik and Captain J. Mieszkowski. The accident was probably the fault of the pilots.
15 - 1 AN 002-04, nb 0204, K-15 engines, version M-93 K. Initially, the aircraft was planned to be equipped with K-5 engines (PZL-5), but it was decided to immediately mount K-15 engines and therefore the first flight made only in June 1994, and the designation was changed to M-93 K by the factory. The aircraft was recognized as a factory standard. In June 1994, the aircraft was passed for qualification tests. At the turn of 1994 and 1995, the aircraft was handed over to Dęblin as the 6th machine. The aircraft was painted with colorless paint, a black four-digit board number, checkerboard and the emblem of the regiment in Dęblin were painted.
1 AN 002-04, SP-PWG, K-15 engines. Flight in 1996. After the second disaster, this aircraft was transferred to Mielec for testing. The chessboard and regiment's emblem were removed from the plane, and the black SP-PWG registration was applied and the top of the vertical tail was painted orange. The side number 0204 remained.
1 AN 002-04, SP-PWG, M-96, K-15 engines. Flight in 1997-04-23. In 1997, the aircraft was rebuilt to the M-96 version (elevated vertical tail, bands, turbolizers).
1 AN 002-04, SP-PWG, M-96, K-15 engines. Flight in 1997-08-16. On 1997-04-23, this aircraft with incomplete avionics by Sextant-Avionique was flown. The flight of the complete aircraft took place in 1997-08-16, and the pilots were J. Wiechecki and L. Natkaniec. In the autumn of 1997, the aircraft was taken away by the army, but over the next two years it was not possible to refine and rip the avionics. The plane returned to Mielec. In 2005, he went to the Polish Army Museum in Warsaw.
17 - 1 AN 003-01, nb 0301, version M-93 K, engines K-15. First flight in February 1995. At the time of the flight, which took place in February 1995, the plane was prepared for handing over to the army as the M-93 K version. The plane had Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but was with old avionics. The plane had Nb 301, painted chessboards and the emblem of the school in Dęblin. In March 1995, he arrived in Deblin, as the 7th machine.
SP-PWI, M-93 K, K-15 engines. In 1996, the plane returned to Mielec. Emblems, chessboards and side numbers were painted over, and the aircraft received the black SP-PWI registration number, the orange peak of the vertical tail. The aircraft was sent to tests in Mielec.
M-93 M, K-15 engines. Around 2000, the aircraft received some elements of the M-96 version, namely: elevated vertical tail and turbolizers. This version was designated M-93 M, which was to be the standard version.
Nb 301, K-15 engines. Around 2001, the aircraft again took over the army. Black Nb 301, checkerboard pattern was applied and SP-PWI registration removed. In 2006, the aircraft was transferred to the Air Force Institute of Technology in Warsaw. It was the only fully operational PZL I-22 Iryda aircraft at that time. However, he could not fly due to the lack of appropriate certificates and permits.
18 - 1 AN 003-02, nb 302, K-15 engines. First flight of 1995. At the time of the flight, which took place in February 1995, the plane was prepared for handing over to the army as the M-93 K version. The plane was with Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but with old avionics. The plane had Nb 302, marked with chessboards and the emblem of the school in Dęblin. In March 1995, the plane went to Dęblin as the 8th machine. Exactly to 58 LPSzk on 1995-05-24. In 1996, the plane returned to Mielec. In 2008, the aircraft was handed over to the Museum of Arms in Witoszów Górny near Świdnica.
19 - 1 AN 003-03, nb 303, K-15 engines. A plane with Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but with old avionics. It is possible that he was transferred to 58 LPSzk on 1995-05-24, as the 9th machine. Around 2010, set as a monument in Mielec.
20 - 1 AN 003-04, nb 0304, K-15 engines. A plane with Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but with old avionics. Around 2010, transferred to the 2.BMT museum in Sklęczki near Kutno.
21 - 1 AN 003-05, nb 0305, K-15 engines. A plane with Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but with old avionics. In 2008, handed over to the Polish Aviation Museum in Kraków (Czyżyny).
22 - 1 AN 003-06, Nb 0306, version M-93 K, engines K-15. He made his first flight in 1995. It was probably a plane 1 AN 001-06, which the army did not collect. The machine was brought to the M-93 K variant, mainly by replacing K-5 engines with K-15. A plane with Martin-Baker PL 10 R seats, class 0-0, but with old avionics. The aircraft had a black board number 0306, the emblem of Deblin and a white tip of a vertical tail. He came to Dęblin as a 10th machine. In 1996, he returned to Mielec. In 2008, the aircraft was transferred to the State Higher Vocational School in Chełm.
The fourth production series consisted of six aircraft and was 70-80% advanced in performance. None of these aircraft have been completed.
23 - ANA 004-01, nb 0401, M-96. The plane was not finished. PZL Mielec M-96 exhibition.
24 - ANA 004-02, nb 0402, M-96. The plane was not finished. In 2008, he was transferred to the Wrocław University of Technology.
25 - ANA 004-03, nb 0403, M-96. The plane was not finished. In 2008 he came to Kutno.
26 - ANA 004-04, nb 0404, M-96. The plane was not finished. In 2008, he was transferred to the State Higher Vocational School in Zamość.
27 - ANA 004-05, nb 0405, M-96. The plane was not finished. In 2008, transferred to Bydgoszcz.
28 - ANA 004-06, nb 0406, M-96. The plane was not finished. In 2008 he was transferred to Łask.
16 PZL I-22 Iryda aircraft were officially built, and with the non-volatile first prototype 17. The army officially accepted 8-10 aircraft, which in 1996 were returned to Mielec. There are inaccuracies in the presented list. They result from the lack of access to reliable sources. Many machines have been modernized many times, and above all the serial numbers have been changed, which are the most reliable anyway.
Stock Photo I-22 Iryda were built in 12 copies.
I series: AN001-03 and AN001-05.
II series: AN002-01, AN002-02, AN002-03, AN002-04.
III series: ANA003-01 ANA003-02 ANA003-03 ANA003-04 ANA003-05 ANA003-06.
Fourth series: It was never completed, and it was supposed to be the M-96 version.
AN002-03 plane crashed in 1996. 11 machines from the Army were returned to Mielec. They are small to be the basis for the final version of the M-93 M.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman