PZL-130 Orlik, piston engine. 1984. - TallyCategory: Airplanes Last change: February 2020
271c Section 1984-10-12
- 000 - mockup. It was made in natural size in 1982. The model received multicolored (yellow-brown-blue) camouflage and fictitious nb 0252.
- 001 - non-volatile prototype. Designed for fatigue tests.
- 002 - the first volatile prototype. SP-PCA registration. He made his first flight on October 12, 1984. The pilot was Witold Łukomski. The aircraft is practically unpainted. Left in the color of natural duralumin sheets with anti-corrosion protection, therefore it looks as if it was painted with various shades of light yellow paint. Registration in black. Orange rudder, which indicates that it is a prototype.
- 003 - the second volatile prototype. SP-PCB registration. He made his first flight as the third Orlik on January 14, 1985. The plane received camouflage called Chinese. The whole plane is dark green with gray-blue veins. Airframe tips in yellow. In 1985 the plane was shown at the Beijing military equipment exhibition. After a series of tests, it was handed over to the museum in Czyżyny in the 90s.
- 004 - the third volatile prototype. SP-PCC registration. Flown on December 29, 1984. as the second Orlik aircraft. The whole plane was painted in navy blue. Registration in white. The orange rudder, which means that it is a prototype. Wing tips and horizontal tail also orange, which in the future has become a distinguishing feature of serial aircraft. In 1985 aircraft shown at the Paris Aerospace Salon. The aircraft was selected for the conversion of piston to turboprop propulsion. The Pratt-Whitney PT 6 A-25 A engine with 410 kW (550 HP) was selected, with a Hartzell HC-B3TN-3B / T10173K-11R three-blade propeller. It has three blades with variable pitch. In November 1985. the plane was sent by sea to Canada. The elements needed for reconstruction were made in Poland and sent by sea to Canada. They were; engine bed, engine covers, hydraulic system cylinders and others. The aircraft received new painting. The reconstruction was completed in mid-1986. The first flight, named Turbo Orlik (PZL-130 T / TP), was carried out on 13.07.1986, other sources state on 16.07.1986, and the pilot was piloted by the experimental pilot MSc. Jerzy Wojnar. The plane completely fulfilled its hopes. The Turbo Orlik promotion began with Colombia, which intended to mock 80 (!) Aircraft of this class. Unfortunately, during the demonstrations on 20.01.1987, due to a pilot error, there was a plane crash in which Bogdan Wolski - Turbo Orlik who was conducting trials and a Colombian aviation officer - died.
- 005 - pre-series. In the second half of the 80s, the Polish Army ordered a short series PZL-130 Orlik with piston engines and with an option for a total of 25 pieces. The first PZL-130 No. 005 received the AI-14 piston engine. The first flight on February 19, 1988. However, the Ministry of National Defense abandoned the admission of these aircraft after the attempts. The plane received in 1990. Walter turboprop engine. Designation PZL-130 TM. The aircraft was used for liaison flights in 23 EL (flight squadron) in Dęblin and 45 ELD (experimental flight squadron) in Modlin.
- 006 – przedseryjny. Należał do tej samej serii co nr 005. Wyposażony w silnik tłokowy PZL-Kalisz K-8 AA. Pierwszy lot w dniu 19.03.1988r. Podobnie jak nr 005 otrzymał w 1990r. silnik turbośmigłowy Walter. Samolot były wykorzystywany do lotów łącznikowych w 23 EL ( eskadrze lotniczej ) w Dęblinie i 45 ELD ( eskadra lotnicza doświadczalna ) w Modlinie.
- 007 - pre-series. Built from the beginning for turboprop propulsion. Walter M-601 engine with 550 kW power cooperating with the five-blade Avia VJ8.508E propeller. The first flight was carried out on 12.01.1989, and the pilot was the IL experimental pilot MSc. Jan Gawęcki. After completing numerous tests, the aircraft was handed over to the Air Force Academy in Dęblin as a non-volatile scientific aid.
- 008 - pre-series. The aircraft was designated PZL-130 TC No. 008 registration SP-WCA. The aircraft made its first flight on March 15, 1990, and then a whole series of tests were carried out, also in the 32 PLRT in Sochaczew. The plane was presented in Israel and South Africa.
- 009 - pre-series. The aircraft received the designation PZL-130 TB No. 009 and registration SP-PRF. Walter M-601 T engine with 551 kW (750 hp). It was completed in 1992. The aircraft has a wingspan larger by one meter. The cab cover has been enlarged and changed. The tip of the tail and many other changes have been changed according to the new WTT. The first flight took place on September 17, 1991. In this form, the aircraft was approved by the Polish Army and adopted as a basic training aircraft by the Polish Air Force and Air Defense. During difficult and dangerous tests on January 25, 1996. the machine was destroyed burying two pilots (?). Further attempts were made by copy No. 037.
- 010 - pre-prototype. The aircraft received the designation PZL-130 TC No. 010 with a P&W Canada PT6A-62 engine with 699 kW (950 hp). It is the equivalent of aircraft No. 011, but with much poorer avionics.
- 011 - pre-prototype (demonstrator). The aircraft received registration SP-PCE equipped with a P&W Canada PT6A-62 engine with a capacity of 699 kW (950 hp) and a four-blade Hartzell HC-D4N-2A propeller. The first flight was made on June 2, 1993. by J. Wojnar and T. Dunowski. The aircraft received the Bendix-King digital avionics, integrated data bus, on-board computers, HUD Flight-Vision and was equipped with multi-functional displays next to the classic pilot devices, Martin-Baker Mk CH15A thrown seats. The aircraft was also equipped with light suspended armament on six sub-wing nodes with PZL-UBP beams. About 2005 the plane went to the Museum in Czyżyny without the engine and covers.
- 012 - The first serial from a batch of 9 machines (No. 012-020). They were designated PZL-130 TB. The aircraft received gray camouflage, yellow wing tips and a propeller hubcap, three-digit red board numbers and checkerboard (old model). The first flight of this copy took place on August 21, 1992.
- 013 - Second PLZ-130 TB. This copy with SP-PCF registration was presented at the Paris Air Show in 1993. In 1994. in operation of the Polish Army, without registration, and with the number 013. Later it was handed over to the Polish Aviation Museum in Czyżyny.
- 014 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard.
- 015 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard.
- 016 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard.
- 017 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard.
- 018 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard. In 1995 tests were carried out on suspended equipment under the wings. This aircraft was equipped with PZL-UBP beams enabling suspension of containers from km, npr, bombs or additional tanks. However, the adopted standard was different from the NATO standard. In 2003 shown in Mierzęcice (Pyrzowice).
- 019 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard. In 2005 shown in Pruszcz Gdański.
- 020 - PZL-130 TB. Later brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard.
- 021 - pre-series PZL-130 TC-I. Another PZL-130 TB aircraft, which received class 0-0 ejection seats, improved avionics, checkerboard in a new design, orange-reflective wing tips and tail and several other minor changes. Over time, the previous PZL-130 TB was brought to the PZL-130 TC-I standard. It was a catastrophe, but no further data is available.
- 022 - pre-series PZL-130 TC-I. Identical to No. 021. Treated as the first aircraft of the second series (No. 022-027) and transferred to the army in Radom. In 1995 shown in Dęblin. In 2003 shown in Radom.
- 023 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2006 shown in an unusual place in Warsaw in front of the Sobieski Hotel.
- 024 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 1994 shown in the press as one of the first PZL-130 TC-I.
- 025 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 1999 shown in Radom. In 2005 shown in Dęblin.
- 026 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 027 - PZL-130 TC-I. In total, there were already 14 aircraft in Radom.
- 028 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2003 shown in Radom.
- 029 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 030 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 031 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 032 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 033 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 034 - PZL-130 TC-I. On October 11, 2001 has a catastrophe.
- 035 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2004 shown in Pruszcz Gdański.
- 036 - PZL-130 TC-I. On May 9, 2001 has a catastrophe.
- 037 - PZL-130 TC-I. After the crash of machine No. 009 in 1996 took over performing further necessary tests. It underwent tests of suspended tanks. As the second it was rebuilt to the version PZL-130 TC-II and flown in 2007.
- 038 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 039 - PZL-130 TC-I. On 5.01.2002 has a catastrophe.
- 040 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 041 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2004 shown in Malbork.
- 042 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 043 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 044 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2007 shown in Radom.
- 045 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 046 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2004 shown in Malbork.
- 047 - PZL-130 TC-I. As the first rebuilt to the version PZL-130 TC-II. First flight on October 8, 2003
- 048 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 049 - PZL-130 TC-I.
- 050 - PZL-130 TC-I. In 2004 shown in Malbork.
- 051 - PZL-130 TC-I. One of the last serial PZL-130 Orlik. In 2005 shown in Radom. On August 30, 2008 shown in Minsk Mazowiecki in 23 Blot.
- 052 - PZL-130 TC-I. Last Serial.
Airplane versions PZL-130 Orlik:
- PZL-130 - prototypes with the M-14Pm engine (PZL K8-AA)
- PZL-130 T / TP - prototype with PT6A-25A / 25C engine with simple western avionics
- PZL-130 TB - serial aircraft for WLiOP (Walter M601T) - converted to TC-I
- PZL-130 TC - export version (PT6A-62) with rich avionics equipment
- PZL-130 TC-I - serial version for WP (M 601T)
- PZL-130 TC-II - prototype of the serial version for PSP (PT6A-25C)
- PZL-130 TC-III - design version with glass-cockpit avionics (PT6A-25C), initially designated TC-II
- PZL-130 TD - version design with PT6A-25C engine and simple western equipment
- PZL-130 TE - version design with PT6A-25A engine and simple western equipment
- PZL-130 TM - designation of information series for Polish aviation (M-14Pm / M 601E)
- PZL-130 H - aircraft design for Hungarian aviation (M 601T)
Written by Karol Placha Hetman