In 1969 the office of OKB Mikojan and Guriewicz began to implement the project of a light front fighter, as a complement to the heavier fighter from the OKB office of Sukhoi, the future Su-27. At that time the aircraft designation as MiG-29 was accepted.
The main constructor of the plane was A. A. Czumaczenko, who was replaced by Mikhail Waldenberg. Since 1993, the main designer was Valery Novikov.
The first prototype - MiG-29 (9.01) on 6.10.1977
The first prototype of the new aircraft is marked 9.01. The construction of the aircraft was completed in the summer of 1977 at the experimental construction plant of OKB Mikoyan. Tests were carried out at the airport in Zhukovsky near Moscow. The first flight was made on 6.10.1977. Aleksander Fiedotow was at the controls of the plane. 200 flights were made on the first prototype.
11 prototypes were built. Aircraft from the first production series were also included in the tests. Many construction changes have been made in the prototypes. During the trials, two prototypes were lost: in 1978 and 1980.
Purchase of 12 MiG-29 aircraft (9.12 A) for Poland
Poland has talked about the purchase of MiG-29 aircraft since 1985. The Polish Army bought 12 aircraft: 9 single-seater and 3 two-seater. Airplanes were delivered in 1989 and 1990. Minsk Mazowiecki airport.
Deliveries of fighters to Czechoslovakia were carried out in June 1989 - April 1990. 18 MiG-29 and 2 MiG-29 UB were delivered.
After the break-up of the state, MiG-29 aircraft were split between the Czech Republic and Slovakia in 1993. The Czech group was grouped in České Budějovice, but as early as February 1, 1994, the unit was disbanded and planes put up for sale.
MiG-29 from the Czech Republic to Poland
In the period December 1995 - January 1996, we obtained from the Czech Republic 9 MiG-29 (9.12) and 1 MiG-29 UB by exchange for new helicopters PZL W-3 Sokół in the number of 11 pieces. Serial numbers include, among others; 32040, 32354, 32356, 32359. The symbolic transfer of fighters took place on February 19, 1996 in Mińsk Mazowiecki. The newly acquired machines were equipped with 2 squadrons in Mińsk Mazowiecki. From that moment on, we had 22 MiG-29 on stock. This condition lasted until the acquisition of further MiG-29 aircraft from Germany.
Poland's accession to NATO
At the end of the 1990s, several Polish MiG-29s were equipped with navigation and communication systems enabling operation within the NATO system. Retrofitting of Polish fighters was carried out at Wojskowe Zakłady Lotnicze Nr.2 in Bydgoszcz.
East Germany to negotiate the acquisition of new fighters began in 1987. Initially, it was talked about acquiring 32 copies with an option for a further 20 items. Eventually, the contract was finalized on the first batch of 24 fighters. Deliveries of MiG-29 to the GDR were made in March 1988 - May 1989 and covered 20 MiG-29 and 4 MiG-29 UB.
With the elimination of the NRD in 1990, all MiG-29 took over RFN and incorporated into the luftwaffe.
German MiG-29 for Poland. 2003
We received 18 MiG-29 G and 4 MiG-29 GT from NRF. Airplanes were placed in WZL Nr.2 in Bydgoszcz. General overhaul and retrofitting of one aircraft cost about 8-11.5 million PLN. After refurbishment, they were introduced to the unit in Malbork. The first summer of 2005, the last in 2007. Also in 2007, the first Malbork MiG-29 will be ready for combat. Unfortunately, pilots flying on these planes in Malbork can not pilot planes from Mińsk Mazowiecki due to other equipment and other dashboard. These airplanes, in many important details, are significantly different from the MiG-29 used so far in Poland.