LWD Żuraw - HistoryCategory: Airplanes Last change: May 2020
089b Section 1951-05-16
In 1948, the Air Force Command commissioned the LWD (Aeronautical Experimental Workshops) to develop a connecting plane that was to use emergency landing pads, i.e. a shortened takeoff and landing plane. The aircraft design was made in two years, 1948–1950. The project leader was M.Sc. Tadeusz Sołtyk. The aircraft was intended for liaison, school, observation, sanitary, towing, aerofoto and even bomb tasks. The assembly of a machine gun was even anticipated. The plane was also to fly at night. The plane was to be the successor of Polikarpov Po-2 and CSS-13 aircraft. The propulsion of the aircraft was to be the M-11FR engine, which was produced in Poland. The aircraft was designated LWD Żuraw.
Work on the plane proceeded slowly, because the political and military authorities doubted the success of the construction. The first flight of the LWD Żuraw aircraft did not take place until 1951-05-16, and the pilot was Antoni Szymański. In 1951, the LWD Żuraw prototype went to the Institute of Aviation in Warsaw, where it underwent approval tests. The aircraft showed stability at all speeds, and the minimum speed was 55 km / h. The roll-out length was only 65 m. The disadvantages of the aircraft were low payload and poorer lateral control. The aircraft did not go into serial production.
In 1956, a more powerful engine was planned to be installed. However, the Polish Army was not interested in this aircraft, because the Jak-12 and PZL-101 Gawron aircraft were already in production.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman