F-16 Jastrząb. 2012

Kraków 2013-01-01

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin PL F-16 C, D Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland  

Operation F-16 Jastrząb

Fifth and sixth year of operation, from 01/01/2011 to 31/12/2012.

F-16 D nb 4085 Radom 2011 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 D nb 4085 Radom 2011 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

F-16 Jastrząb nb 4061. 2016 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
F-16 Jastrząb nb 4061. 2016 year. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Polish F-16 on RED FLAG. June 8, 2012


Red Flag is an advanced combat activity exercise carried out several times a year. The base for training troops is Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada and Eielson Air Force Base in Alaska. Red Flag exercises have been carried out since 1975. and interestingly, with the collapse of the Warsaw Pact they were not liquidated. Analyzes carried out during the Vietnam War showed that in the first days of the war, the first missions are the most dangerous and bring the most losses. In subsequent tasks, those who survive gain experience and find ways to defeat the enemy. Therefore, during peace, exercises should be as real as possible so that soldiers overcome their first emotions and know how to use previously acquired knowledge. The goal is to train pilots from the US, NATO and other allied countries in real combat situations. The organizer is the United States Air Force (USAF) and other US military units and allies. Each exercise lasts 14 days. They can engage over 100 planes and helicopters. They are very realistic, using all available types of armaments in aviation equipment (except for nuclear weapons and special bulky cargo). Laser-guided or GPS-corrected bombs are used. It also includes the use of enemy equipment and ammunition as part of testing and learning the scope of their capabilities. Practicing soldiers also have the opportunity to familiarize themselves with the old and new enemy weapons they may come into contact with in combat; tanks, cannons, helicopters, small-caliber launchers. Each exercise has a precise plan. The tasks are clearly set, but the way it is done is left to the training teams. Usually, the command post is on board the command aircraft.

Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) (IATA: EIL, ICAO: PAEI, FAA LID: EIL) is a USAF airbase located in the middle of Alaska, about 26 miles (42 km) southeast of Fairbanks. Eielson AFB was founded in 1943. The name was given to the base in honor of the polar aviator Carl Ben Eielson. The base not only cares for its yard, but also for the huge training ground where the exercises take place. Eielson Base has been conducting Red Flag exercises since 1992. Bases in Alaska are separated from Poland by a distance of 9,000 km.

Every exercise involving Polish Jastrzębia, outside the borders of the Republic of Poland, arouses considerable interest. However, participation in the RED FLAG exercise is something special. There is simply no better exercise in the world. For the first time in history, Polish aircraft took part in them. And not only the F-16 Jastrząb, but also the C-130 Hercules transport plane. Eight F-16 Jastrząb aircraft from both bases flew to Alaska, 24 pilots of these machines. The commander of the Polish unit was Maj. Pil. Paweł Marcinkowski, in command of 6 ELTs every day. The flight to Yankee Eielson base in Alaska was divided into stages. The first of these is a flight to Mildenhall in Great Britain, where, among others, stationed American tankers. The further route led over the Atlantic Ocean. Hawks were divided into two groups of four aircraft. Each grouping was accompanied by a tanker. Each F-16 took fuel 6-8 times. The next stop was at the airport in Bangor on the East Coast of the USA. Then only 6.5 hours flight to Eielson base, during which refueling in the air was also planned. During RED FLAG, F-16 pilots from Krzesin and Łask performed mainly offensive missions related to strikes on ground targets. "Air to air" missions were entrusted primarily to pilots of aircraft specialized only in conducting air combat, such as F-15 C or Eurofighter.

Polish C-130 Hercules had other tasks in addition to the transport mission. For example, he simulated an aerial command post. The F-16's task was to cover this aircraft as HVAA (High Value Airborn Asset). One should know that a significant part of the equipment needed to carry out the mission was transported on board the rented An-124 Rusłan, which took off from Strachowice Airport. Some equipment and other service personnel flew to Germany at the airport in Cologne on the C-295 M plane, followed by the A 310 aircraft of the German Air Force.

The basic phase of the exercises lasted from June 7, 2012 to June 22, 2012. Because flying to Red Flag exercises is a big expense for the Polish Air Force, that's why our soldiers practiced in Alaska for over one month, which is much longer than Red Flag type exercises. Over 80 aircraft and helicopters from; participated in the RED FLAG exercise; USA, Japan, Australia.

Participants in the exercises are divided into coalition forces "Blue" and aggressor forces "Red" ("White" controls the course of the conciliator's exercises). Aviation activities take place in the full spectrum of simulated threats related to, among others with the use of anti-aircraft weapons and electronic warfare devices, as well as the presence of aggressor aircraft.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman


Kraków 2013-01-01

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin PL F-16 C, D Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland  

Construction

Niedługo samoloty F-16 C/D Block 50/52+ były najnowoczesnymi samolotami w rodzinie F-16. Już w 2003 roku, opracowano wersję F-16 E/F Block 60 (inaczej F-16 C/D Block 60 Desert Falcon).

F-16 E/F Block 60 ( F-16 C/D Block 60 Desert Falcon ) United Arab Emirates. 2003 year.

Searching for a modern fighter, the UAE has launched a competition. The winner was the F-16 C / D Block 60, which defeated Rafale and Eurofighter planes. The UAE has set very high requirements for their aircraft, so over time the aircraft were officially given the designations F-16 E Block 60 and F-16 F Block 60. They represent a significant leap in quality compared to the previous version F-16 C / D Block 50/52. It is a variation that is a return to the idea of ​​the F-16 ES aircraft.

The navigation and sight system consists of three main elements. In addition to all modern solutions with the F-16 C / D Block 50, the aircraft received a modern Northrop Grumman AN / APG-80 radar station, with an active antenna built of miniature modules, i.e. phase scanning, known from MiG-31 aircraft. In addition, vertical and horizontal movement was left, which greatly increased the space of observation. The radar range exceeds 200 km. The beam is freely shaped. The station can simultaneously work as searching, tracking and guidance. A thermal imaging camera with a wide field of view is a supplement that is an integral part of the radar station. The system ensures precise flight avoiding terrain obstacles at a height of 30 - 300 m, and performs a map of the terrain, compares it with the data library, and thus updates the machine's position in space 100%. It does not matter for the system whether it works in the air-air or air-ground system.

The second element of the complex is the Lockheed Martin Pantera suspended sight tank with a range of 50-60 km. The observation is carried out with a thermal imaging camera of 3-5 um range, with narrow field of view and electronic image stabilization. The tray is also equipped with a CCD TV camera, laser rangefinder and device for highlighting targets, as well as a device tracking laser-illuminated targets from other sources.

The third element of the system is the data transmission system in the form of a Link 16 terminal and an IDM modem. It not only provides a tactical situation, but also data on specific goals.

An important change is the use, instead of the traditional MilStd 1553 B data bus, the use of fiber optic terminals, about 1000 times more throughput. This solution was taken from the F-35 aircraft. Thanks to this, the system works without delays and tolerates much more complex software, written in C ++, while until now F-16 C / D Block 50/52 used ADA for the navigation and sight system and Jovial for the control system. The software initially appeared in Standard 0. It was gradually improved to make the most of the installed devices and it came to Standard 4 in 2008.

A third, central, color display appeared in the cabin. All monitors have 125 x 178 mm dimensions. 250 x 250 wide angle display. Traditional analogue instruments have been completely abandoned in the cab, even as emergency ones.

The WRe (radio-electronic combat) system was greatly expanded. It consists of a system for detecting and analyzing radiolocation radiation operating in a very wide frequency band, a warning system for firing infrared guided missiles, a set of built-in interfering transmitters, flare ejectors and large-caliber dipoles, with their number having doubled in relation to Block 50 and towed radar trap.

The information does not mention the impaired detection of the aircraft. However, the use of a low propable of intercept radar station indicates that such measures have been taken. The surface of the machine was covered with materials absorbing part of the RAM type radiation, i.e. approved by the US for export, and therefore not the most modern.

The latest possible F-110-GE-132 engine with 1 x 145.0 kN afterburning was used for the drive. It is possible to mount external conformal fuel tanks, with a capacity of 1,700 liters, which increases the range for repositioning to over 4,500 km.

The airframe structure was also modernized. The fuselage frames and wing girders were thickened and strengthened, as well as the cover. New duralumin alloys and more composites were used. The maximum take-off weight is 23,130 kg (22,700 kg). A braking parachute was installed, as in the Polish F-16 C / D 52+.

The aircraft was commissioned by the United Arab Emirates. The initial contract was signed in 1998. The final agreement was signed in March 2002. The delivery was carried out in 2004-2007, and included 55 F-16 C Block 60 aircraft and 25 F-16 D Block 60 aircraft. The aircraft was also designated F-16 U and the user F-16 E and F-16 F.

The first F-16 Block 60 prototype was made as a two-seater version of the F-16 F Block 60 and flown on December 6, 2003. The first machines were delivered in April 2004 to a Tucson base in Arizona, where training of Arabic personnel was organized. At the same time, avionics equipment tests continued.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman



Kraków 2013-01-01

315 Section 2006-11-08

Lockheed Martin PL F-16 C, D Block 52 + Jastrząb

Poland

Tally

The list of F-16 Jastrząb aircraft in Poland is included in the section - „F-16 Jastrząb. 2006. Tally".

Written by Karol Placha Hetman