De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 1946.Last change: February 2020
022b Section 1946-05-22
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk is a Polish plane because it was built by Polish constructors. The designers of the De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft were engineers Vsevolod J. Jakimiuk and Wiesław Stępniewski. The designer Wsiewołod J. Jakimiuk is the main creator of the PZL-50 Jastrząb aircraft.
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk is a light, two-seater training and training aircraft built at the Canadian plants of De Havilland. Over time, this aircraft has become the most popular training and training aircraft. The aircraft was manufactured for a very long time at English factories and under license in Portugal.
The beginnings of the construction date back to 1940. Already at that time, the successor to the De Havilland DH-82 "Tiger Moth" biplane was thought of, which was already obsolete. Official work began in September 1945. While designing the aircraft, efforts were made to maintain the uncomplicated structure, easy ground handling, good visibility from the cabin, mounting options additional equipment, metal airplane structure, tandem seats, fully enclosed cabins, fixed landing gear.
The prototype was built in Canada. De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk made its first flight on 1946-05-22. The pilot was W.P.I. Fillingham. The plane was transported by sea to England. Tests were carried out in England that gave it a good grade. An aircraft was prepared for serial production at the De Havilland Aircraft Company. The first serial aircraft was ready in September 1949 and made the first flight on 1949-11-14.
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft was produced in many varieties. There was an agricultural variety that received the designation MK-23. In the place of the front seat there is a plastic chemical tank with a capacity of 380 liters. The rear seat is placed much higher for better visibility.
In 1966, a Chipmunk airplane with a 100-hp "Wolston" turboprop engine was developed.
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk was produced in Great Britain, Canada and Portugal. 218 aircraft were built in Canada. 60 aircraft were manufactured in Portugal, and OGMA at Oficinas Gerais de Meteriel Aeronautica. A total of 1,284 aircraft were built.
During many years of operation, the aircraft underwent many modifications. Single-seat versions were built. The engines were changed. New cabin glazing was made.
In Canada, Poland, the great experimental pilot Janusz Żurakowski flew a DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft at the Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment (A & AEE) research center in Boscombe Down.
There is a DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft in Poland, registration SP-YAC. The plane was bought by Mr. Jacek Mainka. The aircraft was rebuilt in the years 2010-2014 in United Kingdom.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman