De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 1946.

Kraków 2020-02-25

022b Section 1946-05-22

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

History

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk is a Polish plane because it was built by Polish constructors. The designers of the De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft were engineers Vsevolod J. Jakimiuk and Wiesław Stępniewski. The designer Wsiewołod J. Jakimiuk is the main creator of the PZL-50 Jastrząb aircraft.

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk is a light, two-seater training and training aircraft built at the Canadian plants of De Havilland. Over time, this aircraft has become the most popular training and training aircraft. The aircraft was manufactured for a very long time at English factories and under license in Portugal.

The beginnings of the construction date back to 1940. Already at that time, the successor to the De Havilland DH-82 "Tiger Moth" biplane was thought of, which was already obsolete. Official work began in September 1945. While designing the aircraft, efforts were made to maintain the uncomplicated structure, easy ground handling, good visibility from the cabin, mounting options additional equipment, metal airplane structure, tandem seats, fully enclosed cabins, fixed landing gear.

The prototype was built in Canada. De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk made its first flight on 1946-05-22. The pilot was W.P.I. Fillingham. The plane was transported by sea to England. Tests were carried out in England that gave it a good grade. An aircraft was prepared for serial production at the De Havilland Aircraft Company. The first serial aircraft was ready in September 1949 and made the first flight on 1949-11-14.

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft was produced in many varieties. There was an agricultural variety that received the designation MK-23. In the place of the front seat there is a plastic chemical tank with a capacity of 380 liters. The rear seat is placed much higher for better visibility.

In 1966, a Chipmunk airplane with a 100-hp "Wolston" turboprop engine was developed.

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk was produced in Great Britain, Canada and Portugal. 218 aircraft were built in Canada. 60 aircraft were manufactured in Portugal, and OGMA at Oficinas Gerais de Meteriel Aeronautica. A total of 1,284 aircraft were built.

During many years of operation, the aircraft underwent many modifications. Single-seat versions were built. The engines were changed. New cabin glazing was made.

In Canada, Poland, the great experimental pilot Janusz Żurakowski flew a DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft at the Aeroplane and Armament Experimental Establishment (A & AEE) research center in Boscombe Down.

There is a DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft in Poland, registration SP-YAC. The plane was bought by Mr. Jacek Mainka. The aircraft was rebuilt in the years 2010-2014 in United Kingdom.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman


Kraków 2020-02-25

022b Section 1946-05-22

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

Construction

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk. 2019. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

Two-seater low-wing metal structure.

Trapezoidal wing, single-girder, metal. Metal cover in the front, the rest covered with canvas. Wings equipped with slotted flaps and slotted ailerons, as well as flaps covered with canvas.

Metal fuselage, made of two parts. The front part ends behind the cockpit. Covered cab.

Metal formation. Horizontal ballast covered with sheet metal, elevator covered with canvas. The vertical arrangement has a characteristic outline typical of the De Havilland construction. Vertical ballast covered with sheet metal, rudder covered with canvas.

Classic, solid chassis.

Engine - The basic engine is in-line with hanging pistons, De Havilland "Gipsy Major IC", with 108 kW (142 HP).

Data T-T

Span 10.46 m

Length 7.75 m

Height 2.16 m

Curb weight 535 kg

Total weight 875 kg

Top speed 225 km / h

Cruising speed 200 km / h

Landing speed 70 km / h

Climbing speed 4.27 m / s

The maximum ceiling is 5 240 m

Range 445 km

Written by Karol Placha Hetman



Kraków 2020-02-25

022b Section 1946-05-22

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk

Tally

De Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk was produced in Great Britain, Canada and Portugal. 218 aircraft were built in Canada. 60 aircraft were manufactured in Portugal, and OGMA at Oficinas Gerais de Meteriel Aeronautica. A total of 1,284 aircraft were built.

There is a DHC-1 Chipmunk aircraft in Poland, registration SP-YAC. The plane was bought by Mr. Jacek Mainka. The aircraft was rebuilt in the years 2010-2014 in United Kingdom.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman