322 Section 12.06.1994 year. - 4.05.2013 year.
Boeing Boeing 777-200ER in Poland.
The Boeing 777 is a long-range, wide-body aircraft, powered by two turbofan engines. It is the world's largest twin-jet. It takes 314 to 441 passengers on board. Range 5 235 NM to 9 380 NM (9 695 km-17 370 km). Commonly referred to as the "Seven Triple" or triple sevens. It is not true that the plane is called the "three scythes", as some media have tried to portray it. The aircraft was developed to enlarge the B 747 and B 767 offer. It was the first commercial Boeing aircraft to be equipped with a fly-by-wire control system. It was also the first to be entirely computer-designed. The plane (like the B 767) is built in two fuselage lengths; B 777-200 and B 777-300 with a hull 33.3 ft (10.1 m) longer. Motors are used as propulsion; General Electric GE90, Pratt & Whitney PW4000 or Rolls-Royce Trent 800. The aircraft holds the record for the longest non-stop flight distance in the group of commercial aircraft.
In 1978, Boeing presented three new models: B 757 (to replace B 727), B 767 (twin engine) and B 777 (three engine) to compete with DC-10 and L-1011. It was related to the obligation to fly over the Ocean commercial aircraft with a minimum of three engines (ETOPS). However, the change in regulations stopped work on the B 777. In line with the ETOPS regulations, airlines started using the B 767 on long-haul overseas routes. In 1988, Boeing realized that the only response to competitors' designs would be a new design, powered by two engines. This arrangement will reduce the costs of purchasing and operating a new aircraft.
On December 8, 1989, Boeing began issuing an offer to airlines on the B 777. Eight shipping companies joined the program; All Nippon Airways, American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific Airways, Delta Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Qantas and United Airlines. They were invited to work on the program as early as January 1990. Already in March 1990, the aircraft configuration was established; cabin in cross section similar to B 747. Capacity 325 passengers. Glass cockpit. Fly-by-wire controls. Assembled at the Boeing factory in Everett, due to the greatest experience in the construction of wide hulls. The first order was received on October 14, 1990, from United Airlines, for 34 machines powered by Pratt & Whitney engines, worth $ 11 billion.
In January 1993, 240 teams (each with a maximum of 40 engineers and technicians) participated in the program, solving nearly 1,500 topics. The B 777 was the first commercial aircraft designed entirely by computer. Each drawing was created on a 3D CAD software system known as CATIA from Dassault Systemes and IBM. This allowed for quick fixes and reduced costs. Boeing executives were initially unconvinced of CATIA's capabilities and ordered a physical mock-up of the nose to be built to check the results. The test was so successful that the additional mock-ups were canceled. Boeing developed its own high-performance visualization system, FlyThru, later called IVT (Integrated Visualization Tool).
Boeing has invited many reputable companies from around the world to produce components. The plane has become cosmopolitan. However, he was later beaten in this category by the B 787. Japanese, British and Australian companies are involved in the production. Nearly $ 1.5 billion has been invested at the Everett factory to double production. New assembly methods were used. The hull sections rotate 180 degrees for easy access to the upper parts.
Assembly of the first aircraft began on 01/04/1993, and the company had 118 orders and another 95 in options from 10 airlines. The roll out of the WA001 aircraft took place on April 9, 1994. The first flight took place on June 12, 1994, under the command of test pilot John E. Cashman. The tests lasted 11 months. On April 19, 1995, the aircraft was certified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA). The aircraft was certified for ETOPS-180 minutes, but also scored ETOPS-207 minutes
On May 15, 1995, the first United Airlines B 777 was handed over. On November 12, 1995 Boeing delivered the first model with General Electric GE90-77B engines to British Airways. In 1997, there were problems with the motor bearings. The planes were banned from flying across the Atlantic Ocean. However, the problem was resolved within a few weeks and the restrictions were lifted. The first aircraft with Rolls-Royce Trent 877 engines was flown on March 31, 1996. On October 7, 1996, the B 777-200ER with a greater range was flown. On April 2, 1997, Malaysia Airlines' B 777-200ER called "Super Ranger" broke a great no-landing distance circle for a passenger plane en route from Boeing Field in Seattle to Kuala Lumpur, 10,823 NM (20,044 km). in 21 hours and 23 minutes.
On October 16, 1997, the B 777-300 made its first flight. The hull is 242.4 ft (73.9 m) long. He received a type certificate simultaneously with the FAA and JAA on 5/4/1998, and entered Cathay Pacific on 5/27/1998.
The B 777-300ER made its first flight on February 24, 2003. Certified on March 16, 2004. The first delivery for Air France took place on April 29, 2004.
The B 777-200LR made its first flight on March 8, 2005. The first delivery to Pakistan International Airlines took place on February 26, 2006. On November 10, 2005, the B 777-200LR set a distance record of 11,664 NM (21,602 km) from Hong Kong to London. The flight took 22 hours and 42 minutes.
The B 777F is a transport version modeled on the B 777-200LR. First flight on February 6, 2009, and delivery to the customer on February 19, 2009.
The B 777 was selling very well. In 2008, production was 5 machines a month, and in 2010, 7 machines a month. More than 1,000 aircraft were built. Each 777-300ER requires 49 days to be fully assembled. More than 1,000 B 777s built had to completely fill the airways. So it was not difficult and it is possible to locate the plane gliding through the skies;
Since February 2013, B 777 planes have become regular visitors at Okęcie Airport, thanks to the Emirates airline, which has launched a permanent connection to Abu Dhabi and Dubai.
Boeing 777 in PLL LOT.
The first Boeing B 777 operated by LOT Polish Airlines.
Unexpected problems with the operation of B 787 aircraft and the consequent grounding of all such machines by the FAA led to even greater problems for our national carrier, LOT Polish Airlines. By the way, a company managed ineptly by a team selected by the Masonic-liberal Government of the Republic of Poland, Prime Minister Donald Tusk.
LOT Polish Airlines, trying to save the Atlantic connections, leased three additional planes; A 330, B 767, and B 777.
From April 25, 2013, LOT Polish Airlines has been selling tickets for the Warsaw-Toronto flight from May 4, 2013. The offer was very attractive, because the ticket price for the return flight was PLN 1,777. The advertising materials presented - "Boeing 777 for PLN 1,777". This price was for flights on board the B 777 in the period from May 4, 2013 to June 7, 2013. Leasing Boeing 777 guaranteed the performance of all scheduled flights until the return of the Boeing 787. The plane was rented together with the cabin crew and the on-board crew, which was supplemented by Polish flight attendants. It was about providing the possibility of contact in Polish, at the same time ensuring perfect knowledge of the inside of the machine. The aircraft has CS-TFM registration. It has 30 seats in business class and 293 in economy class.
The aircraft was built as the B 777-212ER under registration No. 28 513/144 in June 1998 and delivered to Singapore Airlines on June 18, 1998, under registration 9V-SRA. After more than 10 years of operation, on January 12, 2010, the plane was taken over by Euro Atlantic Airways, which gave it CS-TFM registration. The plane is currently owned (July 2013) by Euro Atlantic Airways (CS-TFM), although it has already flown on the services of three other airlines; In the period from January 14, 2010 to March 10, 2011. in Biman Bangladesh lines. In the period from September 18, 2011 to March 23, 2012. with Air Madagascar. And most recently, on May 4, 2013 - June 7, 2013. in LOT Polish Airlines.
Euro Atlantic Airways is a Portuguese airline charter based in Sintra. It was established in May 2000, from the transformation of the Air Madeira line. It supports connections to the USA, Mexico, Canada and Australia. The main hub is Lisbon Portela Airport. The line's fleet consists of 8 planes: 1x Boeing B 737-800 (CS-TQU), 4x Boeing B 767-300ER (CS-TLO, CS-TFS, CS-TFT, CS-TLZ), 1x Boeing B 767-300SF (CS -TFM), 1x Boeing B 777-200ER (CS-TFM), 1x Lockheed L-1011-500 TriStar (CS-TEB). The airline has extensive experience in Atlantic flights.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman