Aviation training in Poland. 1991-2010.

Kraków 2018-03-07

Oleśnica Śląska.


In 1994, the Technical School in Zamość was closed. That is why the Air Force Engineering Training Center in Oleśnica and the Air Force Technical School in Zamość created the Aviation and Engineering Training Center in Oleśnica. As the only school of this type in Poland, it seemed to have a guaranteed stable and secure future. It soon turned out that these hopes were deceptive.


At that time, the traditions of training in the Second Polish Republic began to be reached. On April 30, 1995, CSIL (Engineering and Aviation Training Center) in Oleśnica received a certificate of inheritance of Polish aviation and technical education from 1918.


The school, as proof of its strong ties with the town of Oleśnica Śląska, received a banner from the public. The banner was funded by contributions from residents. The banner was granted in 1996. The handing over was made on March 2, 1996 by the then Minister of National Defense, Stanisław Dobrzański.


Along with large reductions in the machine park of the Polish Military Aviation, the demand for training technicians serving combat aircraft decreased, which was less and less every year. Finally, on February 13, 2002, by the decision of the Ministry of National Defense, the Aviation and Engineering Training Center was liquidated, and the staff was transferred to Dęblin, where the training of aviation technicians was to be continued. For Oleśnica, this meant the dissolution of the only local university, but also, due to the dissolution of the School Automobile Regiment in 1989. The presence of the Polish Army in the city was further limited.

It had its good points; In 1999, for the purposes of housing construction, the adaptation of the barracks at Wojska Polskiego Street began, and the military possession of land in the city and its vicinity also blocked the construction of a bypass road for some time. (The bypass was commissioned in 2007). But the negative effects prevailed; for local craftsmen and traders it meant the loss of a certain group of consumers, for the city - one of the entities permanently cooperating with the local government. Another element of the post-war traditions of Oleśnica has disappeared. A separate problem was the proper development of buildings after the dissolving School. As early as December 2001, talks were started with the rector of the Wrocław University of Technology to indicate to him the possibility of opening a branch of this technical university in the city. Unfortunately, these efforts were not successful.

Commanders of TOSWL; Col. Kazimierz Burczak from May 1954, Col. Józef Sobieraj, Col. Piotr Kowalczyk, Col. Jerzy Budzisz, Col. Jerzy Słowiński, Col. Jan Lech, Col. Wiesław Kaczmarski, Col. Wiesław Melnarowicz, Col. Andrzej Graczyk until 2002.

PZL-130 TM Orlik simulator. 2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
PZL-130 TM Orlik simulator. 2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

MiG-21 U nb 2720 (66-600). 2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
MiG-21 U nb 2720 (66-600). 2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

TS-11 Iskra nb 2001.2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman
TS-11 Iskra nb 2001.2017. Photo by Karol Placha Hetman

Zamość. 1994.

In July 1994, an order of the Ministry of National Defense was issued, pursuant to which the school ceased to exist by December 1995. For 50 years of its existence, the school has trained; 2,411 officers, 1,279 ensigns, 6,310 senior mechanics of non-commissioned officers, 121,052 mechanics of junior professional service specialists and candidates for professional soldiers, 2,639 students of various courses, 2,789 students of civil universities and reserve cadets, 160 students of foreign courses. In total, over 134,000 soldiers were trained in Zamość.


On January 19, 1996, the last ceremonial assembly of the staff and soldiers of the Air Force Technical School (TSWL) took place. It was led by the last commander, Col. Ryszard Hejny, accompanied by the commander of the air force, Gen. Roman Iwaszkiewicz. Among the invited guests was the Voivode of Zamość, Stanisław Rapa. After the speeches, the school banner was said goodbye. It was donated to the museum. For decades, TSWL has fused with the City. Without the honorary company and the school orchestra in Zamość, there was no celebration. TSWL soldiers have repeatedly worked for the city, building, among others, a bridge over the Łabuńka River. They also represented Zamość in sports arenas all over Poland.

In the area of ​​the barracks in Zamość, the Higher Vocational School was opened, where training of mechanical engineers for civil aviation began. The school was founded on June 7, 2005. Its name is the State Higher Vocational School. Szymona Szymonowic in Zamość, ul. Akademicka 8, 22-400 Zamość.

Further training.

The recruitment of military personnel began by recruiting candidates with higher education from a civilian (after civilian universities) and fluent knowledge of a foreign language, usually English. The candidate is directed to short general military training, and then specialized training in military training centers. In addition, in 2008, the basic military service was abolished and its replacement with the National Armed Forces clearly demonstrated the deepening collapse of Polish Defense. It is difficult to recruit educated people, engineers who worked with aviation during their studies. This is a specific field that covers the strength of aircraft structures, aeronautical materials, aerodynamics, and aircraft engine theory. This is something completely different from general aviation items. We need people educated in this field, but with this specific profile.

Civil training.

After the socio-economic changes, a significant part of the training in Poland went to newly established non-state schools. Many of these schools, as soon as they were established, ended their activities as quickly. Only a few remained on the market. The main reason was the lack of an adequate training base. The aviation school is not only about benches, blackboard and chalk, but most of all a rich technical base.

One of such schools is the Poviat Vocational Education Center. Z. Puławski in Świdnik. PCEZ is one of the largest and most modern schools in the Lublin region. One of the two in Poland with the PART-147 certificate authorizing the training and examination of licensed aircraft maintenance personnel (school professions are: aircraft mechanic technician and avionics technician). PCEZ is a school that continues aviation traditions. Many graduates of the school find employment in PZL-Świdnik Agusta Westland, Navcom Systems, Heliseco, SMF Poland, and other enterprises. The launch of the airport and the development of companies in the Technology Park in Świdnik increases the demand for employees with technical education: mechanics, aviation mechanics, avionics, port and terminal service employees, as well as IT specialists and economists. The Center is recruiting for the aviation mechanics at the Technical School no. 1. Education in this profession is proposed in: two and a half year Supplementary Technical School for adults on the basis of secondary school or in a four-year youth technical school on the basis of lower secondary school. Address: ul. Szkolna 1, 21-045 Świdnik.

Roztocze Center of Vocational Training Association of Polish Educators in Zamość ul. Szwedzka 4a, 22-400 Zamosc. Aircraft and helicopter aircraft mechanic technician and aircraft and helicopter avionics technician.

Private Aviation Schools in Warsaw is a group of three aviation schools. European Aviation Technical School SIMP in Warsaw, ul. Felińskiego 15, 01-513 Warsaw. It is a 4-year technical school. It has the qualifications of a public school, implements a program based on the requirements of the European Union, provides internships in institutes and aviation plants, teaches three foreign languages: English, German and Russian, classes have 5-12 students, teaches the operation, repair and overhaul of airplanes and helicopters , gliders and other flying equipment. He has two majors: aviation mechanics, electronics. The second school is the Aviation Transport and Forwarding Profile Secondary School with the major of air transport, and the third one is the Aviation Post-Secondary School with the major of aviation mechanics.

Warsaw Aviation Technical School and LXXXIV High School for them. Heroes of Narvik. School address: ul. Gładka 16 02-172 Warsaw. The school educates in the following professions: avionics technician, aviation mechanic technician, (airplane and helicopter), IT technician. Teaches English, Spanish, Germanic and Ruthenian. Provides internships at PLL LOT S.A. LineTech, LOTAMS, PZL "Warszawa-Okęcie", the Polish Medical Air Rescue. The school is the second in Poland to have a PART-147 certificate and it is possible to obtain a license in accordance with the requirements of PART-66 and PART-147. Theoretically, it prepares you for a gliding course.

Complex of Mechanical Schools No.1 for them. Franciszek Siemiradzkiego in Bydgoszcz, ul. St. Trójcy 37, 85-224 Bydgoszcz. Trains in the following fields: aircraft mechanic technician, mechanical technician (operator of CNC machine tools), mechatronics technician, avionics technician, IT technician.

Secondary School Complex no. 3 them. Stanisława Staszic in Krosno, ul. Tysiąclecia 5, 38-400 Krosno. It educates in the field of: aviation mechanic technician and airport operational services technician.

Complex of Mechanical Schools for them. gen. Władysław Andersa in Rzeszów ul. Hetmańska 45a 35-078 Rzeszów. Education in the field of a mechanic technician in the professional part takes place, under the agreement between the Complex of Mechanical Schools and the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aviation of the Rzeszów University of Technology, in the studios and laboratories of the universities. Practical classes are held at the Aviation Training Center of the Rzeszów University of Technology in Jasionka. It is a direction for students who associate their future with aviation.

Complex of Electrical and Electronic Schools in Bytom, ul. Katowicka 35, 41-902 Bytom. Directions: avionics technician, airport services.

Complex of Electronic and Telecommunications Schools, ul. Kilińskiego 4, 64-100 Leszno. Avionics technician. There are also several high schools in Poland with aviation classes. They are located in Białystok, Grudziądz, Bełżyce, Lublin, Poznań, Swarzędz and Czerwionka.

Written by Karol Placha Hetman