Airport organization. 2012.
Organization of the airport.
Most of the airport infrastructure affecting passenger safety is unknown to them. In the first place is the infrastructure of the landing field. This is the area where planes taxi, take off and load. We have on it; runway and taxiway network, communication and navigation systems, lighting systems (glide paths, threshold and navigation lights, runway and taxiway lighting lights, system of markings, vertical signboard system). This area is especially protected not only from bystanders, but also from animals. Falconers are often employed to chase away birds that pose a significant threat to aircraft engines. The above-mentioned devices require adequate maintenance. So clearing snow, sweeping, mowing the grass. Lighting and navigation specialists.
An important service at the airport is the Airport Fire Department. It has been equipped for decades with specific equipment that we will not meet outside the airport. Their combat vehicles are manufactured by specialized factories. The dimensions of these cars are such that they do not fit on city streets. They take up to 50,000 liters of water and travel at a speed of 100 km / h.
Another is the parking area of airplanes with platforms. This is where the passenger comes on board. At the same time, it is here that planes are refueled, served in catering and loaded with luggage and goods. As up to 100 employees of the airport and aircraft service personnel work at the same time, the procedures are extremely accurate.
An interesting place that the average passenger has no idea about is the aircraft control station. If it turns out that the plane has been bombed or has a terrorist and hostages in it, the plane is moved to this position. Here, you negotiate with an attacker or look for a planted charge. It is a remote site and surrounded by earth embankments or walls.
Terminal, formerly known as an airport or airport station. Currently, it is a large cubature building or a set of several objects. Equipped with all the necessary devices to handle the passenger and ensure his safety. Starting from the halls, waiting rooms, various stands, IT system, ending on the observation deck, shops and toilets. These are systems of corridors and passageways, such as stairs, escalators, elevators, and doors. Everything divided into zones. Generally available, for selected passengers, for airport and airline personnel, or only for airport security services. Everything is secured with alarm and fire protection systems. These are ventilation and air conditioning systems. They are systems of emergency routes and emergency exits. These are partitions and doors with increased flammability and smoke extraction systems.
And finally, the communication system that connects the airport with the city center or agglomeration. It's railroad, bus, TAXI, private cars. There are parking lots and temporary stopping places.
The airport is one of the most complex organisms. As complicated as the plane itself.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman