Airport Dębica-Kalina. 2018
Location of Dębica-Kalina Airport.
Kalina airport in the Świdwiński poviat, in the Rymań and Sławobor commune, near Białogard in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. The area of the airport belongs to the Rymań commune and to the Sławoborze commune in the second half.
Land take-off, grass. RWY 2,500 mx 400 m. In the direction of 11/29. Former military base of the Soviet Army (CCCP). Coordinates 53 ° 56′37 ″ N 15 ° 37′13 ″ E. Elevation 49 m above sea level
History of Dębica-Kalina Airport.
Dębica-Kalina airport is no longer an airport. Established in German times. After World War II, it was a spare airport for Soviet units stationed at Bagicz Airport near Kołobrzeg and Garrison Białogard. In fact, the airport is located in Poradz and Mirowo. Poradz (Poraj or Petersfelde), postal code 78-314. In the years 1975-1998, the town administratively belonged to the Koszaliński Province. Another town with the same name Poradz lies in the Łebski Poviat.
Dębica-Kalina airport belonged to the 871 Pomeranian Fighter Air Regiment. The unit had a JW number. PP 35517. It was part of the 239 Baranowska Fighter Aviation Division. According to available information on the Internet, the regiment had since 1956 fighter aircraft type MiG-19. In 1964, the regiment received the MiG-21 PF and MiG-21 U fighters. In 1966, the 871 Pomeranian Fighter Regiment was transferred to Bagicz Airport. At the time of the move, the regiment had 39 MiG-21 PFMs and 2 MiG-21 U machines in stock. After transferring 871 Pomeranian Fighter Regiment to Bagicz, Dębica Airport was reclassified as spare. No combat unit was stationed there anymore. Transport planes landed here sporadically, which were used by the landing and assault brigade from Białogard.
The question of the surface of the take-off field at Dębica-Kalina Airport remains. There was no concrete runway at the airport. Admittedly, the MiG-15, MiG-17, MiG-19, MiG-21 and even Su-7 aircraft are adapted to use unpaved runways, but operation in such conditions causes additional, numerous failures. First of all, the hydraulic system of the chassis is damaged. Chassis chambers get clogged with mud and grass. Engine failures are much more dangerous. Numerous foreign objects sucked into the engine cause a decrease in engine thrust or even stopping it. In this regard, it is possible that the Russians at this airport were using nets distributed over the take-off field. The Russians already knew this type of way to prepare the take-off field. During World War II, they received such technical means from the USAF to prepare spare airports in areas already "liberated" by the Red Army, where USF bombers could land.
There were few permanent buildings at the airport, so social conditions were difficult. Presumably, all this was the main reason for changing the regiment's dislocation. Currently (2018) there is a production plant at the former Dębica-Kalina airport.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman