35 Bomber Aviation Regiment. 1952-1958
35th Bomber Regiment.
35th Training and Bomber Aviation Regiment.
1952 - 1958.
Beginning of forming 35 PLB.
By order of the Minister of National Defense, Konstanty Rokossowski, No. 096 / Org of September 11, 1951, as part of the 15th Bomber Aviation Division, the third (after the 7th and 33rd PLB) bomber regiment, the 35th PLB, was formed. The regiment was to be formed in the period from May 1, 1952 to December 1, 1952. The place of formation was Bydgoszcz Airport. Captain Kazimierz Wierzbicki was appointed the commander of the 35th PLB. For one of the possible locations of the 35th PLB, the Inowrocław-Latkowo Airport was taken into account, but eventually the regiment was formed in Bydgoszcz.
The first soldiers of the new regiment came from the 7th PLB, which was then stationed in Malbork. The staff of the 35th PLB, after arriving from Malbork to Bydgoszcz, began to receive assignments.
The commander of the 15th Bomber Aviation Division, by the organizational order No. 0105 of August 18, 1952, appointed the command of the 35th PLB composed of the regiment commander, Capt. pil. Kazimierz Wierzbicki, deputy commander of the regiment for political and educational matters, Capt. Stanisław Zdun, chief of staff of the regiment, Capt. Stanisław Cichocki, assistant to the commander of the regiment for pilotage, Capt. pil. Julian Paździor, senior engineer of the Russian regiment, Capt. Danił Popow, the regiment's senior navigator, Lt. Bronisław Płachta, the regiment's operational officer, Lt. Józef Pomianowski, the regiment's chief of communications, 2nd Lt. Tadeusz Hinc, chief of air shooting of the regiment, 2nd Lt. Stanisław Garbowski, reconnaissance officer, 2nd Lt. Janusz Nowakowski, personnel officer, 2nd Lt. Czesław Pałasz, senior regiment physician Lieutenant Jan Kotecki, head of the secret office, Sgt. Henryk Szykowski.
Squadrons in 35 PLB: 1. Aviation Squadron: Cpt. pil. Zygmunt Michnowski - commander, 2nd Lt. Marian Sikorski - chief of staff of the squadron, Lt. Nav. Zygmunt Gumiński - squadron navigator, Lieutenant Ludwik Kozłowski - squadron engineer, Sergeant Władysław Sucharzewski - squadron communications officer. 2. Air Squadron: 2nd Lt. Janusz Nowakowski - chief of staff of the squadron, 2nd Lt. navigate Henryk Droździk - squadron navigator, Stefan Ziomek - squadron communications officer.
By the end of September 1952, regiment structures were organized and tasks and responsibilities were allocated. On October 1, 1952, the commander of the 35th PLB issued the first regimental order, in which it was written: "I order to transfer the 35th PLB in two projections from the Bydgoszcz airport junction to the Inowrocław airport junction. The deadline for ferrying ground projections (rail and car) was set for October 5, 1952. Lieutenant Józef Pomianowski was appointed the commander of the railway line. The car transport was commanded by 2nd Lt. Wojciechowski. In the combat throw, 9 planes were carried by air, including: seven Pe-2 FT bombers, one UPe-2 training and combat training and one Po-2 training and training aircraft. "
This ferrying was necessary due to the cramped conditions in Bydgoszcz at the Szwedowo airport. The location of the 35th PLB in Inowrocław was a deliberate solution. It is true that the airport had only a grassy landing area, but this did not prevent the operation of piston bombers. The distance between the airport in Bydgoszcz and the airport in Inowrocław is only 45 km. Therefore, the 35th PLB could still benefit from technical support in Bydgoszcz.
Documents show that the 35th PLB took over all the division's piston bombers, while the modern Il-28 bombers took over the 7th PLB and the 33rd PLB. With the adoption by the 15th DLB units of the first Ił-28 and UIł-28 jet aircraft, to the 35th PLB, another batch of piston aircraft was transferred from the 7th and 33rd PLB: three Tu-2, three Pe-2 FT, one UPe -2 and one Po-2. In this way, the account of the 35th PLB increased to 17 aircraft, including: 13 combat, 2 training and combat and 2 training and training.
In the fall of 1952, the personnel numbers of individual squadrons in the regiment continued to be replenished. The commander of the 2nd Air Squadron was appointed Cpt. pil. Eugeniusz Wielkoszewski, the duties of the engineer of the 2nd Squadron were assumed by Lieutenant Edmund Maciejewski, while Capt. navigate Michał Procek.
As the third regiment in the 15th Bomber Aviation Division, the 35th PLB was treated more like art than combat. It was planned to arm it with Il-28 planes, but in fact it received a decrease of 7 and 33 PLB in the form of old Pe-2, Tu-2 and Po-2 training and liaison bombers. The Pe-2 planes in the Polish Army had a bad reputation. Many planes crashed during training flights and there were casualties among the airmen.
Written by Karol Placha Hetman